Continuous Integration is a DevOps Software Development practice in which the developers merge their code changes into a central repository on a regular basis, after which Automated Builds and Tests are run. Jenkins is an Open-Source Continuous Integration (CI) tool that is extensively used by developers to automate the testing and deployment of their applications. BitBucket is a popular Source Code Management tool for version control that allows developers to collaborate with each other from all over the world. As a part of the Continuous Integration and Deployment process, it is a requirement that the code repository should have an interaction with the Build Automation and Continuous Integration tool leading to a BitBucket Webhook Jenkins Integration.
Upon a complete walkthrough of this article, you will gain a decent understanding of BitBucket and Jenkins along with the salient features that they offer. This article will teach you how to configure Jenkins to work with Bitbucket repositories, which will aid in automating the deployment process. Read along to learn more about the steps involved in BitBucket Webhook Jenkins Integration!
Table of Contents
- Introduction to Jenkins
- Introduction to BitBucket
- Steps to Set up BitBucket Webhook Jenkins Integration
- An active BitBucket account.
- Basic understanding of Git.
Introduction to Jenkins
Jenkins is an Open-Source Automation Tool written in Java that includes plugins for Continuous Integration. It enables you to automate the execution of a series of actions to achieve the Continuous Integration process. Jenkins is used to build and test your software projects continuously, making it easier for developers to incorporate changes to the project and for users to leverage a fresh build. It also enables you to deliver software on a continuous basis by integrating with a wide range of testing and deployment technologies.
Organizations can use Jenkins to automate and speed up the software development process. Jenkins manages and controls software delivery processes throughout the entire Development Lifecycle, including Build, Documentation, Testing, Packaging, Staging, Deployment, Static Code Analysis, and much more.
Key Features of Jenkins
Some of the developer-centric features offered by Jenkins are as follows:
- Easy to Install and Configure: Jenkins is a self-contained Java Program, hence it does not depend on the platform on which it is installed. It is available as both – a standard installer and a .war file. Thanks to its minimal Web User Interface, it is easy to configure once the installation is complete.
- Open Source: Jenkins is an Open-Source tool and is completely free to use. The strong involvement of the Open-Source community makes it a powerful Continuous Integration tool.
- Easy Distribution: Jenkins is designed in such a manner that makes it relatively simple to distribute work across multiple machines and platforms for faster Build, Testing, and Deployment.
- Plugin Ecosystem: The community is the backbone of Jenkins, and members of the community have been instrumental in the development (and testing) of close to 1500+ plugins available in the Update Center.
Introduction to BitBucket
BitBucket is a Git Repository Management System designed specifically for professional teams. It acts as a central hub that is used to manage all Git Repositories, Collaborate on Source Code, and Guide everyone through the Software Development Cycle. It is a part of the Atlassian family, with tools like Confluence, Jira, and others to help technical teams reach their full potential. BitBucket can be deployed in three different ways which are BitBucket Cloud, BitBucket Data Center, and BitBucket Server.
Key Features of BitBucket
Some of the key features of BitBucket are as follows:
- BitBucket allows developers to upload their code to the repositories and make it public, allowing others to view the developer’s profiles and collaborate on the project in real-time.
- BitBucket integrates with a variety of third-party tools and apps, allowing users to sync data and optimize workflows. It also integrates with code editors, allowing the repository to be managed directly from the editor. later in this article, you will learn about one such integration(BitBucket Webhook Jenkins Integration).
- BitBucket has a user-friendly interface making it easy to use and understand. It also stores the details about the modifications done in a project.
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Steps to Set up Bitbucket Webhook Jenkins Integration
Now that you have an idea about what BitBucket and Jenkins are capable of, you are ready to learn about the steps involved in building the BitBucket Webhook Jenkins Integration. The BitBucket Webhook Jenkins Integration is a four stage process including the following steps:
- Step 1: Install the BitBucket Plugin in Jenkins
- Step 2: Create a New Repository using Bitbucket
- Step 3: Create a New Job in Jenkins
- Step 4: Push code to Jenkins using BitBucket Webhooks
Step 1: Install the BitBucket Plugin in Jenkins
The first step involved in setting up BitBucket Webhook Jenkins Integration requires you to install the BitBucket Plugin in Jenkins. Follow the steps given below to install the plugin:
- Login to your Jenkins account and open the Dashboard section.
- Click on Manage Jenkins from the list of available options.
- Now click on Manage Plugins and navigate to the Search bar. Enter Bitbucket Plugin in the search bar and install the same.
Step 2: Create a New Repository using BitBucket
Once you have installed the BitBucket Plugin in Jenkins, you will need a repository in BitBucket to link it with Jenkins. The second step in building BitBucket Webhook Jenkins Integration involves creating a new BitBucket repository. Follow the steps given below to do so:
- Login to your BitBucket account using the appropriate credentials.
- Once you have successfully logged in to your BitBucket account, click on the Create Repository button.
- Add a name for your Project and Repository. You can also select the access level for your repository and make it private or public according to your needs. Once you are done filling all the required fields, click on Create Repository to save and create the repository.
Step 3: Create a New Job in Jenkins
- Once you have the repository ready, go back to your Jenkins account and open the Dashboard.
- Select the option New Item from the list of options available to create a new Jenkins Job.
- Give a name to the Job that you are creating and select the option Freestyle Project. Once you are done filling the required fields, click on the Ok button to create a new Jenkins Job.
- Now navigate to the Source Code Management section and click on the Git radio button.
- Add the link to your BitBucket repository that you created in the previous step to set up the BitBucket Webhook Jenkins Integration.
- Navigate to the Build Triggers section and mark the option “Build when a change is pushed to BitBucket”. Then click on the Save button to save all the changes.
Step 4: Push Code to Jenkins using BitBucket Webhooks
The final step of the BitBucket Webhook Jenkins Integration is to configure it to push code-based changes to the Jenkins Server whenever new code is committed to the BitBucket Repository.
- Open BitBucket and navigate to the Repository Setting page.
- Select the option Webhook and click on the Add Webhook button.
- Give a name to the BitBucket Webhook and add the Jenkins URL in the URL field. You can also skip the certificate verification.
- Once you have filled the required fields, click on Save to save all changes.
Once you follow the above instructions in the correct sequence, you will be able to set up BitBucket Webhook Jenkins Integration in no time!
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