AWS Glue to Redshift Integration: 4 Easy Steps

on Amazon Redshift, AWS, Data Integration, Data Storage, Data Warehouse, ETL, ETL Tutorials, Tutorials • September 3rd, 2021 • Write for Hevo

AWS Glue to Redshift

Organizations are always looking for simple solutions to consolidate their business data from several sources into a centralized location to make strategic business decisions. This is due to the fact that using a Cloud-based solution allows organizations to ensure that their Data Warehouses scale up and down on demand and automatically suit all peak workload periods. 

AWS Glue is a fully managed solution for deploying ETL (Extract, Transform, and Load) jobs. It lowers the cost, complexity, and time spent on building ETL jobs. It can be a good option for companies on a budget who require a tool that can handle a variety of ETL use cases. Amazon Redshift, on the other hand, is a Data Warehouse product that is part of the Amazon Web Services Cloud Computing platform. It allows you to store and analyze all of your data in order to gain deep business insights.

This article will guide you through the process of moving data from AWS Glue to Redshift. It will provide you with a brief overview of AWS Glue and Redshift. You will also explore the key features of these two technologies and the benefits of moving data from AWS Glue to Redshift in the further sections. Let’s get started. 

Table of Contents

Prerequisites

Moving Data from AWS Glue to Redshift will be a lot easier if you’ve gone through the following prerequisites:

  • An active AWS account.
  • Working knowledge of Databases and Data Warehouses.
  • Working knowledge of Scripting languages like Python.

What is AWS Glue?

Glue to Redshift: AWS Glue Logo
Image Source

Amazon’s AWS Glue is a fully managed solution for deploying ETL jobs. AWS Glue lowers the cost, complexity, and time spent on building ETL jobs. It can be a good option for companies on a budget who require a tool that can handle a variety of ETL use cases. It has 16 preload transformations that allow ETL processes to alter data and meet the target schema. Developers can change the Python code generated by Glue to accomplish more complex transformations, or they can use code written outside of Glue.

AWS Glue can help you uncover the properties of your data, transform it, and prepare it for analytics. AWS Glue can find both structured and semi-structured data in your Amazon S3 data lake, Amazon Redshift Data Warehouse, and numerous AWS databases. It uses Amazon EMR, Amazon Athena, and Amazon Redshift Spectrum to deliver a single view of your data through the Glue Data Catalog, which is available for ETL, Querying, and Reporting.

Key Features of AWS Glue

AWS Glue has gained wide popularity in the market. Some of the key features of AWS Glue include:

  • You can connect to data sources with AWS Crawler, and it will automatically map the schema and save it in a table and catalog.
  • AWS Glue automatically manages the compute statistics and develops plans, making queries more efficient and cost-effective.
  • You can also deduplicate your data using AWS Glue. FindMatches is a feature in Glue that locates and deduplicates related data.
  • Users such as Data Analysts and Data Scientists can use AWS Glue DataBrew to clean and normalize data without writing code using an interactive, point-and-click visual interface.
  • Jobs in AWS Glue can be run on a schedule, on-demand, or in response to an event. To create complicated ETL pipelines, you can start many jobs simultaneously or specify dependencies between processes.

To know more about AWS Glue, visit this link

Download the Cheatsheet on How to Set Up High-performance ETL to Redshift
Download the Cheatsheet on How to Set Up High-performance ETL to Redshift
Download the Cheatsheet on How to Set Up High-performance ETL to Redshift
Learn the best practices and considerations for setting up high-performance ETL to Redshift

What is Amazon Redshift?

Glue to Redshift: Amazon Redshift Logo
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Amazon Redshift is a fully managed Cloud Data Warehouse service with petabyte-scale storage that is a major part of the AWS cloud platform. Amazon Redshift is a platform that lets you store and analyze all of your data to get meaningful business insights.

Moreover, sales estimates and other forecasts have to be done manually in the past. And now you can concentrate on other things while Amazon Redshift takes care of the majority of the data analysis. Also, it allows you to use the most up-to-date predictive analytics to analyze your business data. You’ll be able to make more informed decisions that will help your company to develop and succeed.

Simplify ETL to Redshift Using Hevo’s No-code Data Pipeline

Hevo Data, an Automated No Code Data Pipeline can help you ETL your data swiftly from a multitude of sources to Redshift in real-time. You can set up the Redshift Destination on the fly, as part of the Pipeline creation process, or independently. Hevo allows you to load data from any of your Pipelines into an Amazon Redshift Data Warehouse. The ingested data is first staged in Hevo’s S3 bucket before it is batched and loaded to the Amazon Redshift Destination.

Get Started With Hevo For Free

Hevo’s fault-tolerant ETL Pipeline offers you a secure option to unify data from 100+ other sources (including 40+ free sources) and store it in Redshift or any other Data Warehouse of your choice without writing a single line of code. You can entrust us with your data transfer process and enjoy a hassle-free experience. This way, you can focus more on Data Analysis, instead of data consolidation.

To learn more, check out Hevo’s documentation for Redshift.

Key Features of Amazon Redshift

Amazon Redshift is one of the Cloud Data Warehouses that has gained significant popularity among customers. Some of the key features of Amazon Redshift include:

  • Massively Parallel Processing (MPP): Massively Parallel Processing (MPP) is a distributed design paradigm in which multiple processors divide and conquer big data workloads. A huge processing work is split into smaller jobs and spread across a cluster of Compute Nodes. Instead of performing computations sequentially, these Nodes do in parallel.
  • Fault Tolerance: For each Database or Data Warehouse user, data accessibility and reliability are critical. Amazon Redshift keeps a constant eye on its Clusters and Nodes. When a Node or Cluster fails, Amazon Redshift replicates all data to other nodes or clusters that are still operational.
  • Columnar Design: Amazon Redshift has a Columnar Data Warehouse. As a result, firms can examine all of their data using their existing Business Intelligence tools in a straightforward and cost-effective manner.
  • Redshift ML (Machine Learning): Redshift ML is a feature of Amazon Redshift that allows Data Analysts and Database engineers to quickly construct, train, and deploy Amazon SageMaker models using SQL.
  • End-to-End Encryption: Amazon Redshift offers a variety of encryption methods that are both powerful and flexible. Users can choose the encryption standard that best meets their needs.

To know more about Amazon Redshift, visit this link.

Steps to Move Data from AWS Glue to Redshift 

Using the COPY command, here is a simple four-step procedure for creating AWS Glue to Redshift connection. AWS Glue issues the COPY statements against Amazon Redshift to get optimum throughput while moving data from AWS Glue to Redshift. These commands require the Amazon Redshift cluster to use Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) as a staging directory. Below are the steps you can follow to move data from AWS Glue to Redshift:

Step 1: Create Temporary Credentials and Roles using AWS Glue

AWS Glue creates temporary credentials for you using the role you choose to run the job by default. These credentials expire after 1 hour for security reasons, which can cause longer, time-consuming jobs to fail.

You can solve this problem by associating one or more IAM (Identity and Access Management) roles with the Amazon Redshift cluster. The role can be used via the COPY command, and Amazon Redshift automatically refreshes the credentials as needed. Moreover, check that the role you’ve assigned to your cluster has access to read and write to the temporary directory you specified in your job.

Step 2: Specify the Role in the AWS Glue Script

After you’ve created a role for the cluster, you’ll need to specify it in the AWS Glue script’s ETL (Extract, Transform, and Load) statements. Your script’s syntax is determined by how it reads and writes your dynamic frame. You can provide a role if your script reads from an AWS Glue Data Catalog table. Below is the code to perform this:

glueContext.create_dynamic_frame.from_catalog(
    database = "database-name", 
    table_name = "table-name", 
    redshift_tmp_dir = args["TempDir"], 
    additional_options = {"aws_iam_role": "arn:aws:iam::account-id:role/role-name"})

Step 3: Handing Dynamic Frames in AWS Glue to Redshift Integration

If your script creates a dynamic frame and reads data from a Data Catalog, you can specify the role as follows:

glueContext.write_dynamic_frame.from_catalog(
    database = "database-name", 
    table_name = "table-name", 
    redshift_tmp_dir = args["TempDir"], 
    additional_options = {"aws_iam_role": "arn:aws:iam::account-id:role/role-name"})

In these examples, role name refers to the Amazon Redshift cluster role, while database-name and table-name relate to an Amazon Redshift table in your Data Catalog.

When you utilize a dynamic frame with a copy_from_options, you can also provide a role. The syntax is similar, but the connection options map has the additional parameter. Below is the code for the same:

my_conn_options = {  
    "url": "jdbc:redshift://host:port/redshift database name",
    "dbtable": "redshift table name",
    "user": "username",
    "password": "password",
    "redshiftTmpDir": args["TempDir"],
    "aws_iam_role": "arn:aws:iam::account id:role/role name"
}

df = glueContext.create_dynamic_frame_from_options("redshift", my_conn_options)

Step 4: Supply the Key ID from AWS Key Management Service

The data in the temporary folder used by AWS Glue in the AWS Glue to Redshift integration while reading data from the Amazon Redshift table is encrypted by default using SSE-S3. You must specify extraunloadoptions in additional options and supply the Key ID from AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) to encrypt your data using customer-controlled keys from AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS), as illustrated in the following example:

datasource0 = glueContext.create_dynamic_frame.from_catalog(
      database = "database-name", 
      table_name = "table-name", 
      redshift_tmp_dir = args["TempDir"],
      additional_options = {"extraunloadoptions":"ENCRYPTED KMS_KEY_ID 'CMK key ID'"}, 
      transformation_ctx = "datasource0"
    ) 

By performing the above operations, you can easily move data from AWS Glue to Redshift with ease.

What Makes Redshift ETL Experience With Hevo Unique?

These are some benefits of having Hevo Data as your Data Automation Partner:

  • Secure: Hevo has a fault-tolerant architecture that ensures that you can ETL data to Redshift in a secure, consistent manner with zero data loss.
  • Schema Management: Hevo takes away the tedious task of schema management & automatically detects the format of incoming data and replicates it to the Redshift’s schema. You can also choose between Full & Incremental Mappings to suit your ETL requirements.
  • Quick Setup: Hevo with its automated features, can be set up in minimal time. Moreover, with its easy-to-use no-code interface, even beginners can perform complex & time-consuming ETL within minutes.
  • Hevo Is Built To Scale: As the number of sources and the volume of your data grows, Hevo scales horizontally, handling millions of records per minute with very little latency. This ensures that you will never see a drop in your ETL performance with Hevo.
  • Transformations: Hevo provides preload transformations to make your incoming data fit for Redshift. It also allows you to run transformation code for each event in the Data Pipelines. Alternatively, you can also use drag and drop transformations. These can be configured and tested before putting them to use for replication.
  • Live Support: The Hevo team is available round the clock to extend exceptional support to its customers through chat, E-Mail, and support calls.
  • Live Monitoring: Hevo allows you to monitor the data flowing into Redshift and check where your data is at a particular point in time.

Use Hevo’s no-code data pipeline to seamlessly ETL your data from multiple sources to Amazon Redshift in an automated way. Try our 14-day full feature access free trial!

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Benefits of Moving Data from AWS Glue to Redshift

Moving data from AWS Glue to Redshift has numerous advantages. Some of the benefits of moving data from AWS Glue to Redshift include:

  • Migrating data from AWS Glue to Redshift can reduce the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) by more than 90% because of high query performance, IO throughput, and fewer operational challenges.
  • Migrating Data from AWS Glue to Redshift allows you to handle loads of varying complexity as elastic resizing in Amazon Redshift allows for speedy scaling of computing and storage, and the concurrency scaling capability can efficiently accommodate unpredictable analytical demand.
  • Auto Vacuum, Auto Data Distribution, Dynamic WLM, Federated access, and AQUA are some of the new features that Redshift has introduced to help businesses overcome the difficulties that other Data Warehouses confront. Moreover, moving data from AWS Glue to Redshift will provide you with automated maintenance.

Hevo helps you simplify Redshift ETL where you can move data from 100+ different sources (including 40+ free sources). 

Conclusion

Overall, migrating data from AWS Glue to Redshift is an excellent way to analyze the data and make use of other features provided by Redshift. This article gave you a brief introduction to AWS Glue and Redshift, as well as their key features. You also got to know about the benefits of migrating data from AWS Glue to Redshift. However, loading data from any source to Redshift manually is a tough nut to crack. You will have to write a complex custom script from scratch and invest a lot of time and resources. Furthermore, such a method will require high maintenance and regular debugging.

Hevo Data provides an Automated No-code Data Pipeline that empowers you to overcome the above-mentioned limitations. You can leverage Hevo to seamlessly transfer data from various sources to Redshift in real-time without writing a single line of code. Hevo’s Data Pipeline enriches your data and manages the transfer process in a fully automated and secure manner. Hevo caters to 100+ data sources (including 40+ free sources) and can directly transfer data to Data Warehouses, Business Intelligence Tools, or any other destination of your choice in a hassle-free manner. It will make your life easier and make data migration hassle-free.

Visit our Website to Explore Hevo

Share your experience of moving data from AWS Glue to Redshift in the comments section below!

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