Suppose you are going about your day setting up and operating your organization’s data infrastructure and preparing it for further analysis. Suddenly, you get a request from one of your team members to replicate data from Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake. 

We are here to help you out with this problem. You can replicate data from Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake using custom ETL scripts or pick an automated tool to do the heavy lifting for you. This article provides a step-by-step guide for both of them.

Google Analytics 4 (GA4): An Overview

Google Analytics 4 (GA4) is an analytics service for measuring traffic and engagement for users’ apps and websites. It is built on Universal Analytics, and contains several advancements to track the metrics correctly.

The major difference between Universal Analytics and GA4 is that, page views are the most significant metrics in Universal Analytics. The focus of GA4 is to track events. This consists of clicks, views, form submissions, etc, and a deeper understanding of user engagement and behavior on the website. 

Snowflake: An Overview

Snowflake is a cloud-based data warehouse that offers a fully managed and scalable warehousing solution for storing your data.

It has the capability to separate storage from computing. This enables on-demand scaling and prevents resource contention. It also uses a central data repository that can be accessed from all compute nodes of the platform.

How to connect Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake?

Two methods are explained below to replicate data from Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake. 

Method 1: Automate the Data Replication using a No-Code Tool

Going all the way to write custom scripts for every new data connector request is not the most efficient and economical solution. Frequent breakages, pipeline errors, and lack of data flow monitoring make scaling such a system a nightmare.

Hevo is the only real-time ELT No-code Data Pipeline platform that cost-effectively automates data pipelines that are flexible to your needs. With integration with 150+ Data Sources (40+ free sources), we help you not only export data from sources & load data to the destinations but also transform & enrich your data, & make it analysis-ready.


As a hands-on example, you can check out how Hevo, a cloud-based No-code ETL/ELT Tool, makes the Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake data replication effortless in just 2 simple steps:

Step 1: Configure Google Analytics 4 as your Source

Configure Google Analytics 4 as the source.

Google Analytics 4 to Hevo Data- Configuring Source
Google Analytics 4 to Hevo Data- Configuring Source

Note: You can select from the “Historical Sync Duration” according to your requirements, where the default duration is 6 months. You can enable the “Pivot Report” option if you want to create an aggregated report based on the dimensions and metrics selected.

The Pivot Dimensions and Metrics help in creating additional reports by rearranging the data. 

  • Pivot Dimensions: It is the subset of dimensions from the parent report for which you want to rearrange the data.
  • Pivot Metrics: It is the subset of metrics from the parent report for which you want to rearrange the data.

Step 2: Configure Snowflake as your Destination

Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake: Configure Snowflake Destination
Configure Snowflake Destination

You can also visit the official documentation of Hevo for Google Analytics 4 as a source and Snowflake as a destination to have in-depth knowledge about the process. By employing Hevo to simplify your data integration needs, you get to leverage its salient features:

  • Data Transformation: Hevo provides a simple interface to cleanse, modify, and transform your data through drag-and-drop features and Python scripts. It can accommodate multiple use cases with its pre-load and post-load transformation capabilities.
  • Schema Management: With Hevo’s auto schema mapping feature, all your mappings will be automatically detected and managed to the destination schema.
  • Incremental Data Load: Hevo allows the transfer of data that has been modified in real-time. This ensures efficient utilization of bandwidth on both ends.’
  • Secure: Hevo has a fault-tolerant architecture that ensures that the data is handled in a secure, consistent manner with zero data loss.
Get started for Free with Hevo!

Method 2: Export Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake using BigQuery

Step 1: Export Google Analytics 4 to BigQuery

Google Analytics 4 exports event data at the user level to BigQuery for free. So the first step is to export from Google Analytics 4 to BigQuery.

Step 2: Export from BigQuery to GCS

To manually export, create a GCS bucket to receive the exported tables. Exporting in Parquet format with snappy compression will work:

bq extract --destination_format=PARQUET --compression=SNAPPY bigquery-public-data:ga4_obfuscated_sample_ecommerce.events_20201202  gs://your-bucket/yourprefix/ga4sample-20201202-*

Step 3: Now prepare Snowflake to read from GCS

Simply follow the steps in this link to configure Snowflake to read from Google Cloud Storage securely.

Step 4: Read the exported Parquet files in Snowflake

Create a table in Snowflake to read the exported files:

list @fh_gcp_stage; -- check files exist
create or replace table ga4_variant(v variant);
copy into ga4_variant
from @fh_gcp_stage/yourprefix/
file_format = (type='PARQUET');

Your data is now ready to query in Snowflake.

Using CSV files and SQL queries is a great way to replicate data from Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake effectively. It is ideal in the following situations:

  • One-Time Data Replication: When your business teams require these GA4 files only quarterly, annually, or for a single occasion, manual effort and time are justified.
  • No Transformation of Data Required: This strategy offers limited data transformation options. Therefore, it is ideal if the data in your spreadsheets is accurate, standardized, and presented in a suitable format for analysis.
  • Lesser Number of Files: Downloading and composing SQL queries to upload multiple CSV files is a time-consuming task. It can be particularly time-consuming if you need to generate a 360-degree view of the business and merge spreadsheets containing data from multiple departments across the organization.

Limitations of Exporting Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake using BigQuery:

  • Limited Export Options: BigQuery exports only event-level data and excludes user-level attributes like user ID, demographics, and custom dimensions. This might limit analysis requiring user-level insights.
  • Daily Export Limits: Standard GA4 properties have a daily BigQuery export limit of 1 million events. The cost of larger datasets requiring splitting exports or upgrading to GA4 360 is high. 

Method 3: CSV Files Export/Import to Move Data from Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake

You can follow the below steps to export a GA4 Snowflake integration using a CSV file. It can be then loaded into a Snowflake database:

Step 1: Export Data from Google Analytics 4 as CSV Files

  • Select the Reports icon from the left menu on the Google Analytics dashboard.
  • Click on the share icon on the top right of a report.
  • Click on Download file and select Download CSV. 

Step 2: Load the CSV Files to Snowflake

You can then load into a Snowflake database using the Classic Console as follows:

  • After Selecting Databases, choose a specific database and schema.
  • On the Tables tab, locate the table into which you want to load data.
  • Select a table row and click on Load Data. You can also select a table name and click on Load Table.
  •  Select a warehouse to load data into the table in the Load Data wizard, and then click on Next.
  • Navigate through Load files from your computer → Select Files, and browse the files you want to load.
  • Click on Open and select Next after selecting the CSV files of your Google Analytics 4 reports.
  • Select the CSV file format from the dropdown list and click on Load. Finally, click on OK to close the Load Data wizard.

Limitations of Using CSV Files Export/Import to Move Data from Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake

  • Limited Functionality: This method is suitable for one-time replication and is not efficient for multiple iterations of data replication
  • Scalability: It exports only up to 5000 rows in a single file. Moving larger datasets becomes complex and time-consuming.
  • Data Integrity: Manual handling of numerous CSV files increases the probability of data corruption and data loss. 

What Can You Achieve by Migrating Data from Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake?

Here’s a little something for the data analyst on your team. We’ve mentioned a few core insights you could get by replicating data from Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake. Does your use case make the list?

Use Cases of Google Analytics to Snowflake Integration:

  • Performance Analysis: You can integrate GA4’s multi-channel attribution data with campaign and sales data in Snowflake to accurately measure the effectiveness of marketing efforts across different channels.
  • Advanced Business Intelligence: On Google Analytics Snowflake integration, you can combine GA4 data with other business data sources in Snowflake, such as CRM, sales, and finance data. This will help you to gain a holistic view of your business and make data-driven decisions.

Summing It Up

These data requests from your marketing and product teams can be effectively fulfilled by replicating data from Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake using BigQuery. If data replication must occur every few hours, you will have to switch to a custom data pipeline. This is crucial for marketers, as they require continuous updates on the ROI of their marketing campaigns and channels. Instead of spending months developing and maintaining such data integrations, you can enjoy a smooth ride with Hevo’s 150+ plug-and-play integrations (including 40+ free sources such as Google Analytics 4).

Visit our Website to Explore Hevo

Saving countless hours of manual data cleaning & standardizing, Hevo’s pre-load data transformations get it done in minutes via a simple drag-and-drop interface or your custom Python scripts. No need to go to your data warehouse for post-load transformations. You can simply run complex SQL transformations from the comfort of Hevo’s interface and get your data in the final analysis-ready form. 

Want to take Hevo for a ride? Sign Up for a 14-day free trial and simplify your data integration process. Check out the pricing details to understand which plan fulfills all your business needs.

Share your experience of replicating data from Google Analytics 4 to Snowflake! Let us know in the comments section below!

Former Content Writer, Hevo Data

Sharon is a data science enthusiast with a passion for data, software architecture, and writing technical content. She has experience writing articles on diverse topics related to data integration and infrastructure.

No-Code Data Pipeline for Snowflake