Businesses deal with data all day long. However, to make sense of the vast information, they look towards tools that can summarize their huge datasets into appealing and logical visual representations. Grafana is an interactive platform that provides companies with Data Visualization and Analytics facilities. It has a rich feature set that allows you to plot your data using a number of Graphs and elegant Reports. Grafana integrates with all Data Sources using its customizable Plug-in tool. Moreover, it provides Dashboards that are reusable serves as a great platform for sharing data within a workforce.

Google BigQuery is one of the most popular Data Warehouse used by businesses across the globe. Its scalability, security, and high processing power make it a favorite for large businesses. Today companies are looking to use Grafana for understanding their Google BigQuery Datasets. This involves creating a Google BigQuery Plugin that can transfer its data into Grafana for further visualization.

This article will introduce you to Grafana and Google BigqQuery and will explain their key features. It will provide you with a step-by-step approach for setting up your Grafana BigQuery Integration by creating a BigQuery Plugin. It will also explain the steps that you can follow to visualize your PostgreSQL data using Grafana. Read along to understand the Grafana BigQuery Integration and its benefits!

Introduction to Grafana

Grafana BigQiery Integration: Grafana Logo
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Grafana is a visualization software that is popular for its Data Analytics properties. Since Grafana is an open-source tool, you can easily customize it according to your business requirements. It can take input from any data source and turn it into insightful visuals. Torkel Ödegaard in 2013 created Grafana as a simple and elegant solution for businesses to protect their data in a visually appealing and useful form. This tool currently supports over half a million users and the number is growing regularly.

Grafana’s usefulness lies in its analytics and prediction capabilities. It provides accurate results when it comes to revealing User Behaviours. Normal customers are not able to predict their own future or purchase trend, but Grafana’s advanced analytics can provide you with strong predictions. Furthermore, Grafana Dashboards let you visualize data from multiple data sources and also allow you to add a new Data Source via a Plugin.

Key Features of Grafana

Grafana is beneficial for businesses due to its following features:

  • Plug-ins: Grafana already contains integrations with a number of popular data sources. However, you can go a step further and connect Grafana to the Data Source of your choice using Plug-ins. A Plug-in acts as a connector for integrating 2 software applications. This way you can apply Grafana’s Data Visualization capabilities to any data source that contains time-stamp bounded data. 
  • Graph Annotations: This feature enhances your Dataset’s correlation as it allows you to mark graphs. You can either manually populate the Graph data or use a data source for your visualization. Annotations act as checkpoints or bookmarks for your data. So, if you face any errors, you can revert to the last Annotation and rebuild the Graph.
  • Dashboard Templates: This feature enables you to customize your Dashboard set up according to your business needs. Moreover, these Templates can be used for multiple tasks simultaneously. Templating allows you to cover both general and granular aspects of your data. Furthermore,  you can easily share the Grafana Dashboards with anybody in your entire workforce. 
  • Grafana Reports: This feature lets you generate visually appealing reports for your various stakeholders. However, you can not create and share Grafana Reports if you are using the free version. 

To learn more about Grafana, visit here.

Introduction to Google BigQuery

Grafana BigQuery Integration: Google BigQuery Logo
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Google BigQuery is a globally used Data Warehouse that offers storage for large amounts of data using Cloud technology. It operates on a serverless design and requires no infrastructural setup or hardware management from you. Moreover, Google BigQuery replicates your data stored in different locations automatically. This ensures high availability, and reliability when it comes to your company’s data. 

Unlike some Cloud-based Data Warehouses in the market, this Google tool can deliver with little to no maintenance. Furthermore, Google allows you to access its Data Warehouse from all locations that have Google Cloud availability. Another advantage of using Google BigQuery is that you get seamless and free integrations with other Google-based services such as Google Analytics, Google Drive, etc.

Key Features of Google BigQuery

The following features of Google BigQuery make it beneficial for businesses of all magnitude:

  • Availability: Google BigQuery supports automatic Data Replication. It also keeps a 7-day log that contains information about any changes made to your data during the previous week. These features protect your information from system failures and provide high Data Availability. 
  • Easy Maintenance: Since Google BigQuery automates almost all the data warehousing tasks like Running Queries, Managing Storage, Allocating Resources, etc. This minimizes the need for human interference in running and maintaining the Data Warehouse system. 
  • Smart Pricing: Google BigQuery has separate modules for storing and processing data. This safeguards you from paying extra costs and allows Google BigQuery to offer smart and appealing pricing models for businesses. 
  • Machine Learning: Google BigQuery’s machine learning capabilities provide real-time insight into your data. Its high-speed API provides a solid foundation for faster data analysis. This allows you to upload your business data and analyze it instantly.
  • High Scalability: Google BigQuery operates on parallel processing. this way, it is able to offer you high scalability and consistency. It works great for real-time data analysis and tailors your data according to your needs.

To understand Google BigQuery better, visit here.

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Steps to Set Up the Grafana BigQuery Integration

The Grafana BigQuery Integration requires you to create a BigQuery Plugin which will allow you to transfer data from Google BigQuery to Grafana. The following steps will enable you to create a Google BigQuery Plugin for Grafana:

Step 1: Add BigQuery as Data Source Plugin

Navigate to the top and click the Grafana Icon to open the dropdown menu.

Locate the Dashboards option in the drop-down menu. In Dashboards find the Data Sources menu. Select the + Add Data Source option under Data Sources. It will open a dropdown menu from which you need to click on BigQuery.

Step 2: Set up the Grafana BigQuery Integration Authentication Key File

Once the plug-in is ready, you need to authenticate your Grafana BigQuery connection. To do this, log in to BigQuery API and click on Enable as shown in the below image.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: Enable BigQuery API
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Now, visit the APIs & Services Credentials page and select Create credentials as shown in the below image.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: BigQuery Credentials
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After that choose a Service account key. Once you are on the Create Service Account Key page, select JSON as your key type. This is shown in the below image.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: Service Account Key
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Then move to the Service Account menu and select the New service account. This will present new fields on your screen. Fill in the details required by the field and then go to the Role menu. In the Role dropdown, select 2 roles, namely BigQuery Data Viewer and BigQuery Job User.

Step 3: Download the Grafana BigQuery Integration Authentication Key File

Now, Click on Create. This will generate a JSON key file and automatically download it to your system. Store this file safely as it will be required in the next steps of Grafana BigQuery Integration, to provide access to the BigQuery data.

Step 4: Authenticate your Grafana BigQuery Integration

Open Grafana and visit the Data Source Configuration page. Now, upload or paste the file downloaded in the previous step. This is shown in the below image. This will authenticate your Grafana BigQuery connection.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: Save and Test
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Finally, click on save. That’s it! Your Grafana BigQuery Integration is set.

Steps to Visualize Data using Grafana

Once a Data Source is connected to Grafana, it is easy to visualize its data. The following steps will show you how to use Grafana to visualize your data stored in PostgreSQL:

Step 1: Connect PostgreSQL as Data Source

Navigate to the top and click the Grafana icon to open the dropdown menu.

Locate the Dashboards option in the drop-down menu. In Dashboards find the link Data Sources under Configurations. Select the + Add data source option under Data Sources. It will open a dropdown menu from which you need to click on PostgreSQL as shown in the below image.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: Data Source in Grafana
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Step 2: Set Up Grafana Configuration

You will see a Configurations tab on your screen that requires details of your PostgreSQL Database. Complete the configuration by filling in the following details

Host : localhost:5331
User: postgres
Password : // your database password
SSL Mode: disable

After filling in the details, Select Save & Test.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: Database Connection Ok
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This will result in a pop-up message Database Connection OK. This implies that your PostgreSQL Database’s configuration with Grafana is complete.

Step 3: Create a Grafana Dashboard

Now go to Grafana Home page and in the left pane select the Create option and click on Dashboard as shown in the below image.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: Dashboard in Grafana
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In the new Dashboard, select Add new panel. This will generate a new blank panel for you as shown in the below image.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: Dashboard Details
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Fill in the name of your panel. Now, decide on a visualization model in which you want your output. In this section let’s select the Simple Line Graph option by clicking on its icon.

Step 4: Link the Grafana Dashboard to PostgreSQL Plugin

Now go to the Data Source tab and choose a Database created in Step 2.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: Dashboard Linked to Dataset
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To create your line graph, select Edit SQL and write down the required query on the text editor. An example is shown in the below image.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: SQL Query for Graph
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Once the Query is in place, navigate to the top of the Dashboard and Click on the Apply button.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: Grafana Output
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You can incorporate multiple graphs in your output by modifying your SQL Query slightly. An example is shown in the below image.

Grafana BigQuery Integration: Multiple Graph Output
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Benefits of Setting Up the Grafana BigQuery Integration

Google BigQuery and Grafana are both popular tools that have their own benefits. You can, however, merge these tools to extract better insights from your company’s data. Setting up the Grafana BigQuery Integration will provide you with the following benefits:

  • Grafana’s accessibility and rich feature set make it an ideal tool for visualizing your Google BigQuery data. Moreover, you can customize its interface, by using simple drag and drop tools, to match your business needs. Its configuration is done in such a way that everyone in your team can access it easily. This implies, everyone in your company can track application performance by simply accessing the Grafana Dashboard once your Grafana Bigquery Integration is in place..
  • Using Grafana you can visualize your BigQuery data in numerous formats such as Line Graph, Bar Graph, Pie Charts, Histograms, and many more. The choice of output depends on your business needs. Furthermore, this tool is open source. This implies it allows all possible Data Sources via custom plugins. So all you have to do is set up a BigQuery Plugin and your Grafana BigQuery Integration will be ready.
  • The Grafana BigQuery Integration allows you to use all the Grafana Dashboards repeatedly. Not only do you share your great Dashboards with your workforce, but you can also modify them to suit a different project. Moreover, Grafana allows you to create custom scripts to automate the process of Dashboard creation. this is beneficial if you need multiple Dashboards frequently. 


This article introduced you to Grafana and Google BigQuery along with their key features. It also listed the different steps required to set up the Grafana BigQuery Integration. The article further discussed the steps using which you can use Grafana to visualize your data. Furthermore, it explained the various benefits that your business can experience by setting up the BigQuery Grafana Integration.

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Share your views on Grafana BigQuery Integration in the comments section!

Former Research Analyst, Hevo Data

Abhinav is a data science enthusiast who loves data analysis and writing technical content. He has authored numerous articles covering a wide array of subjects in data integration and infrastructure.

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