Power BI offers a multitude of Logical Functions that companies can use to optimize their Data Management. The complete collection of these Logical Functions in Power BI is known as DAX. DAX (Data Analysis Expressions) is a vast library that provides Logical Functions to simplify numerous tasks of a Power BI user.

Moreover, DAX allows users to implement the Power BI IF Statement in a hassle-free manner. This way, Power BI users can seamlessly experiment with their data using conditional statements. This article will introduce you to the importance of DAX for Power BI users and will provide the steps required to implement the Power BI IF Statement. Read along to learn the implementation and best practices of the IF Statement in Power BI.

Importance of DAX Functions

Power BI enables you to generate a new Desktop file in which you can store data for analysis. Moreover, you can directly build detailed reports using this data and represent the valuable output of Data Analysis to stakeholders. However, if you wish to take Power BI’s functionality one step further and generate advanced-level insights, you will need DAX.

DAX formulas will enable you to dive deep into data analytics. For instance, it will allow you to analyze the growth percentage across multiple product categories along with various timelines. It can also provide you the comparisons between year-over-year growth and market trends. Therefore, understanding the implementation of DAX Formulas will allow you to get the most out of your huge sets of data. This way, you can utilize the Power BI tool to its full extent and optimize your data-driven decision making. 

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Power BI IF Statement: Syntax, Uses & Applications

IF is one of the most popular functions (or statements) in both Microsoft Excel & Power BI. A Power BI column if statement can be used to implement a conditional logic approach, which will improve your data analysis by enabling you to create or modify columns dynamically based on specified conditions in your datasets. In simple terms, IF is a statement or a logical function that allows you to perform conditional queries.

The Power BI IF Statement allows you to add new conditional columns, in 2 forms. You can either use IF as a DAX function or operate it as a Power Query tool. 

The DAX version of the Power BI IF Statement operates using the following syntax:

IF(<logical_test>, <value_if_true>[, <value_if_false>])

The terms mentioned in the above Power BI IF Statement syntax represent the following:

  • Logical_test: An expression) that will give a TRUE or FALSE value.
  • Value_if_true: The value that IF must return if the logical test gives TRUE.
  • Value_if_false: The value that IF must return if the logical test gives FALSE. By default, it returns BLANK.

You will understand the application of the Power BI IF Statement using the following example:

Power BI IF Statement: Given Dataset
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Now, in this data, you have to add a new column named “Status.” The values in this column are conditional and work according to the following rule:

“If the city temperature is greater than 25, then Status column will contain High, else the status column will contain Medium.” 

You can add the new column in the above table using the following steps:

  • Step 1: Copy the above table and paste it into a Power BI file as shown in the below image.
Power BI IF Statement: Pasting Dataset in Power BI
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  • Step 2: Go to the table (City Table) and right-click on its name. Now, from the drop-down menu, select New Column. Next, name this column as Status as shown below.
Power BI IF Statement: Adding New Column
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  • Step 3: Now, write the Power BI IF Statement and use the Temperature column to implement the conditional statement as shown in the below image.
Power BI IF Statement: Using the IF Statement
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  • Step 4: Now, in the DAX IF Statement syntax, write “High” if the condition is true and “Medium” for the false output as shown in the below image.
Power BI IF Statement: Using the IF Statement
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Close the bracket and press enter. Your table will now have a Status column with High and Medium values filled according to the temperature.

That’s it! You can now try using the Power BI IF Statement for your data.

Examples of Using IF Statements in Different Scenarios 

How to Filter Data in Power BI Using If Statements

Data filtering is one of the most popular uses of if statements in Power BI. If statements can be used to build a measure that yields various outcomes according to particular standards. Here’s an illustration of how to filter data using an if statement:

Measure = IF('Table'[Column] > 5, SUM('Table'[Sales]), BLANK())

The if statement in this example determines whether the value in the ‘Column’ column is larger than five. The measure determines the total of the ‘Sales’ column if that is the case. It returns a blank value otherwise.

How to Use Power BI If Statements in Calculated Columns

Creating calculated columns in Power BI is another approach to use Power BI new Column if statements. You may add columns to a table that are calculated, or based on an expression or formula. Using an if statement, you specify the column explicitly in order to build a calculated column. As an illustration, consider this:

New Column = IF('Table'[Column] > 5, "Greater than 5", "Less than or equal to 5")

When a value in the ‘Column’ column is more than five, like in this example, the if statement determines this and returns the text “Greater than 5”. In the absence of it, the string “Less than or equal to 5” is returned.

Troubleshooting Common Issues with If Statements in Power BI

Here are some of the common issues with if statements in Power BI and how to troubleshoot them:

Incorrect syntax

Verify that the parentheses and commas in your if statement are placed correctly and that the syntax is being used correctly.

Incorrect data types 

If the intended results are not being returned by your if statement, make sure that the expressions and columns you are using have the correct data types.

Case sensitivity issues

Keep in mind that Power BI’s string comparisons are case-sensitive if you’re utilizing strings in your if statement.

Too many nested if statements

You may want to think about utilizing the SWITCH function in place of too many nested if statements.

Parentheses problems

Check that you’re appropriately grouping expressions in complicated if statements with parentheses.

Best Practices for Using Power BI IF Statement

You can optimize the use of the Power BI IF Statement by following the below practices:

  • Using the Power BI IF Statement with DAX function is similar to the Excel IF logical function. So, you can use your experience of working with Excel while implementing the IF statement in Power BI. The arguments, application, syntax, etc., are all same in both Excel and DAX.
  • You can also implement the Power BI IF Statement to operate on multiple conditional statements and get a single result. During such a situation, use the AND & OR logical functions to concatenate the multiple conditions in the IF statement’s syntax. You can represent the AND logical function via the double ampersand (&&), and use double straight lines (||) to represent the OR logical function.
  • Using the Power BI IF Statement, keep in mind that all the characters in your syntax must be written in lower case. In case an upper case character is detected, Power BI will register an error.
  • To combine conditions together and avoid mistakes in complicated if statements, use parenthesis.
  • If your set of circumstances is more than three or four, use the SWITCH function rather than nested if statements.
  • Instead of returning a null value, use the BLANK() method to return an empty value.
  • To make if statements simpler to read and comprehend, use visual clues like indentation, line breaks, and comments.
  • Particularly if you’re utilizing a complicated formula or expression, make sure you properly test your if statements.
  • To make your if statements easier to comprehend and manage, use variables.
  • Steer clear of hard-coded variables in your if clauses. Instead, make use of variables or measurements.


This article introduced you to Power BI and DAX along with their key features. It also explained the importance of DAX for the Power BI platform. Furthermore, the article provided a detailed discussion on the syntax and application of the Power BI IF Statement.

It also listed the best practices that you must follow while implementing the IF Statement in Power BI. After reading this article, you can go and experiment with the Power BI IF Statement using DAX and add new conditional columns to your datasets seamlessly.

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  1. https://zebrabi.com/guide/how-to-write-if-statement-in-power-bi/
Abhinav Chola
Research Analyst, Hevo Data

Abhinav is a data science enthusiast who loves data analysis and writing technical content. He has authored numerous articles covering a wide array of subjects in data integration and infrastructure.

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