Integrating data from a database engine like Azure SQL to a data warehouse like Google BigQuery can benefit you substantially. It can enable you to perform advanced analytics on your data, allowing you to extract essential patterns that can help maximize profits and customer satisfaction.

BigQuery has built-in artificial intelligence features that can help you simplify analytics workflow. With it, you get the flexibility to define functions to manage and transform data.

This article discusses three major methods for integrating data from Azure SQL to BigQuery and mentions the use cases of this integration.

Why Integrate Azure SQL to BigQuery?

There are multiple reasons to link Azure SQL into BigQuery. Here are some of the key advantages of performing this integration:

  • BigQuery leverages Gemini to provide AI-powered code-assist, recommendations, and visual data preparation features, enhancing productivity while maintaining costs.
  • BigQuery’s Serverless Apache Spark feature enables you to run Spark code in BigQuery Studio, eliminating the need to export data and manage infrastructure.
  • BigLake—a feature of BigQuery—enables deriving insights from images, audio files, and documents with the help of AI models, including Vertex AI’s vision and speech-to-text APIs.

An Overview of Azure SQL

Azure SQL is a fully managed product using an SQL Server database engine in the Azure cloud. It consists of Azure SQL Database, Azure Instance Managed Instance, and SQL Server for Azure VMs. Azure SQL contains platform-as-a-service (PaaS) and infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) options with an availability SLA of 99.99% and 99.95%, respectively.

It has multi-layered security options with built-in security controls, including networking, authentication, T-SQL, and key management.

An Overview of Google BigQuery

Google BigQuery is a fully managed cloud data warehousing platform that helps generate valuable insights from the data. Its AI-enabled features can allow users to perform complex queries without technical expertise. BigQuery Studio lets you run Apache Spark code to perform advanced analytics on your data. It supports open-table formats, allowing you to use open-source tools while enjoying the benefits of an integrated data platform.

BigQuery ML is a built-in machine learning feature that allows you to run ML models on your data and generate valuable insights cost-efficiently. As a new customer, you can get a $300 free trial of BigQuery. Refer to pricing to learn more about the associated costs.

Solve your data replication problems and connect Azure SQL to BigQuery with Hevo’s reliable, no-code, automated pipelines with 150+ connectors.
Get your free trial right away!

Methods of Integrating Data from Azure SQL to BigQuery

Wondering how to load data from Azure SQL to BigQuery? Here are three of the most prominently used methods to perform this integration.

Method 1: Replicating Data from Azure SQL to BigQuery Using CSV File Transfer

Step 1: Exporting Data from Azure SQL Using BCP Utility

To export data from the Azure SQL database, you can run the following statement by replacing the <placeholders> in the Windows command prompt:

bcp <schema.object_name> out <./data/file.csv> -t "," -w  -S <> -U <username> -d <database>

This command will copy your data from Azure SQL to a CSV format on your local machine. To learn more about the steps in exporting data using BCP, refer to Microsoft BCP Documentation.

Step 2: Importing CSV File into Google BigQuery

This section highlights the steps to import CSV files into Google BigQuery using the Google Cloud console. Follow the steps below:

  • Navigate to the Google BigQuery page in the Google Cloud console.
  • From the Explorer panel, select your project and a dataset.
  • Click Open by expanding the Actions option.
  • Select Create table + in the details panel.
  • On the Create table page, navigate to the Source section:
    • Select Upload for the Create table from option.
    • For Select file, click on Browse.
    • Browse the CSV file and click Open.
    • Select CSV for the File format.
  • In the Destination section on the Create table page.
    • Mention the Project, Dataset, and Table fields.
    • Ensure the Table type is a Native table.
  • Under the Schema option, enter the schema definition.
  • Select applicable items from the Advanced options.
  • Finally, click on the Create table.

Follow the steps mentioned in Load data from local files to learn more about importing data directly into BigQuery.

Limitations of Using CSV File Transfer Method

  • Lack of Automation: This method lacks automation, as it requires manually transferring data from Azure SQL to BigQuery. You must repeatedly perform these steps to ensure changes made to the source data reflect on the destination.
  • File Size Limit: When loading data from a local machine, the file size cannot exceed 100 megabytes. To extend this limit, you might need to add your data to Google Cloud Storage (GCS) first.

Method 2: Move Data from Azure SQL to BigQuery Using SQL Server

This section discusses moving data from Azure SQL to BigQuery using an SQL server as a mediator. First, you must move data from Azure SQL to an SQL Server. Before transferring data from SQL Server to BigQuery, you must satisfy all the prerequisites.


After satisfying the prerequisites, you can follow these steps:

To learn more about the steps involved in this method, visit the SQL Server to BigQuery page.

Limitations of Using SQL Server Method

Although moving data from Azure SQL to BigQuery using SQL Server as a mediator is efficient, this method has limitations.

  • Time Consumption: This method can take a lot of time to follow, as it requires moving data through multiple steps. As SQL Server acts as a mediator, there is no direct data transfer from Azure SQL to BigQuery.
  • Technical Complexity: This method is technically complex to follow, increasing the chances of encountering errors. Additional technical knowledge is required to perform the steps.

Method 3: Connect Azure SQL Data to BigQuery Using Hevo

Hevo is a no-code, real-time ELT data pipeline platform that automates your data integration process. It provides a cost-effective way to develop data pipelines that integrate data from multiple sources to the destination of your choice. Hevo Data has over 150+ data source connector options.

Here are some of the features provided by Hevo:

  • Data Transformation: It streamlines analytical tasks with its data transformation features. Hevo provides Python-based and drag-and-drop transformations that can enable you to clean and prepare data.
  • Incremental Data Load: Hevo allows real-time modified data transfer, ensuring elegant bandwidth utilization on both source and destination.
  • Automated Schema Mapping: It automates the schema management process by detecting the incoming data and replicating it according to the replication schema. Hevo allows you to choose from Full & Incremental Mappings according to your specific data replication needs.

Configure Azure SQL as Source

This section highlights the steps to set up Azure SQL as a source in Hevo. Before proceeding, ensure you satisfy the prerequisite conditions.


After satisfying all the prerequisites, follow the steps given below:

  • Select PIPELINES from the Navigation Bar and click + CREATE on the Pipelines List View.
  • Select Azure SQL Server in the Select Source Type page.
  • Specify the necessary details in the Configure your Azure SQL Server Source page.
Azure SQL to BigQuery: Configure your Azure SQL Server Source
Azure SQL to BigQuery: Configure your Azure SQL Server Source
  • Finally, click on TEST CONNECTION and select TEST & CONTINUE. After following these steps, you can specify the object and query mode settings according to your choice of ingestion mode.

Refer to the Azure SQL Server Hevo Documentation to learn more about configuring Azure SQL as a source.

Configure BigQuery as Destination

This section highlights the steps required to set up BigQuery as a destination in Hevo. Before getting started, ensure you satisfy all the prerequisites.


After satisfying the prerequisites, you can follow the steps given below:

  • Select DESTINATIONS in the Navigation Bar and click + CREATE on the Destinations List View.
  • Select Google BigQuery as the Destination type on the Add Destination page.
  • Specify the mandatory details on the Configure your Google BigQuery Warehouse page.
Azure SQL to BigQuery: Configure your Google BigQuery Destination
Azure SQL to BigQuery: Configure your Google BigQuery Destination
  • Finally, select TEST CONNECTION and click SAVE & CONTINUE.

To get in-depth knowledge about the steps involved, refer to the Hevo documentation on Google BigQuery.

Use Cases of Integrating Azure SQL to BigQuery

  • Getting Azure SQL data into BigQuery allows users to perform complex queries on the dataset and extract insights from it.
  • BigQuery is a robust data warehouse that creates a unified platform for a single data source for your organization.
  • This integration provides a cost-effective solution for data storage, enabling backups for huge volumes of data.


This article discusses the three widely used methods for integrating data from Azure SQL to BigQuery. All the mentioned methods efficiently transfer data, but some limitations are associated with the second and third methods. To overcome these limitations, you can use Hevo Data for data integration.

Hevo provides over 150 data source connectors from which you can extract data and move it to the destination of your choice.

Want to take Hevo for a spin? Sign Up for a 14-day free trial and experience the feature-rich Hevo suite firsthand. Also checkout our unbeatable pricing to choose the best plan for your organization.

Share your experience of Azure SQL to BigQuery integration in the comments section below!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. What are the considerations before selecting BigQuery as a data warehouse?

Here are the key factors that you must keep in mind before selecting BigQuery as your data warehouse:

  1. BigQuery charges per gigabyte of data stored monthly around $0.005 per GB. The free trial includes 10 GB storage, so the size of the data matters while using BigQuery.
  2. It can handle large volumes of data with a capacity of 140 GB tables.
  3. BigQuery offers flexible access controls, but they might become complex for you initially. Ensure you understand access management to secure your data.
Customer Experience Engineer, Hevo Data

Dimple, an experienced Customer Experience Engineer, possesses four years of industry proficiency, with the most recent two years spent at Hevo. Her impactful contributions significantly contribute to refining customer experiences within the innovative data integration platform.

All your customer data in one place.