The field of data management is rapidly evolving as the volume and complexities of data continue to grow. In recent years, tools and technologies have revolutionized how organizations deal with data. There are certainly many concepts an organization needs to keep up with for efficient data analysis or management in general. One of the crucial concepts is the data stack.

A data stack is an infrastructure that makes data management possible. In this article, you will learn everything you need to get started with Data Stacking

Best Practices for Building a Data Stack

Here are some of the best practices to make the most out of your data stack: 

Start with Fewer Components

Generally, there are four components: data source, data integration, data storage, and data analytics if you want to build a basic to intermediate data stack. However, businesses tend to add more and more components as data layering to their data stack from the beginning. Having 7-8-9 layers is good, but that makes data management a complex process. The bottom line is to start with fewer layers and gradually increase over time. 

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Choose Modern Data Stack Over Legacy Data Stack

The modern data stack is way better than the legacy one because of its features, functionalities, and ease of use. Below are some of the factors that explain why you should consider a modern data stack over a legacy data stack: 

  • Cloud Architecture: Modern data stacks have a cloud-based architecture. Using this, you can benefit from the cloud computing resources of Google, Microsoft, Amazon, and other industry leaders. Contrarily, legacy stacks are built on-premises, which require investments in hardware and maintenance. 
  • ELT: Modern stacks follow the ELT process for integrating data from different sources to the destination. The Extract, Load, Transform (ELT) approach allows raw data to load quickly in the centralized storage system without being transformed. This makes data processing more flexible and scalable. 
  • Analytical Capabilities: Modern data stacks are typically better equipped to use advanced analytical tools. This includes Python for machine learning and artificial intelligence, SQL for efficient querying, and data warehouse for managing data and supporting real-time analytics.

Leverage Best Platforms for Every Component

While building a data stack, each of its components has a variety of tools available. Choosing the right tools with detailed stack analysis will decide the efficiency of your data management. Below are some of the recommendations for different data stack components. 

  • Data Integration: Hevo Data provides both real-time and batch data integrations.
  • Data Warehouse: Redshift, Google BigQuery, and Microsoft Azure are some cloud-based data warehouses known for scalability and cost-effectiveness. You can choose any data warehouse provided by a known organization. 
  • Data Lake: AWS S3 is the go-to option for data lake for those who prefer open-source options. Tools like Google Cloud Storage and Azure Blob Storage are also widely used. 
  • Data Visualization: Power BI and Tableau are two of the most popular tools for data visualization. 
  • Data Analytics: Python is a widely known tool for data analytics. 

Data Governance

Data Governance ensures the overall data quality across an organization. Practices included in data governance make sure the data is protected from any misuse. Two of its critical practices are data security and data sanity. Data security covers measures such as encryption, network security, and access controls to safeguard data from unauthorized access. However, data sanity checks if the data is consistent, reliable, and ready to work with. 

Above all, data governance verifies that your stack complies with data privacy rules and regulations relevant to your industry. This helps avoid unnecessary data breaches, maintain trust with your customers, and even comply with laws such as GDPR, HIPAA, and CCPA. Defining data policies and standards, data classification, regular audit trails, and monitoring are some of the best practices you can perform to ensure data governance. 

Regular Review and Update

Data is dynamic, and business needs are evolving in nature. To manage both effectively, regularly reviewing and updating your data stack is the key. It involves reviewing data quality, considering new tools, monitoring performance with stack analysis, and updating the data stack as needs change. For instance, based on growing data volumes, advanced analytical requirements, and technological advancement, you might need to upgrade your data warehouse or business intelligence tools. This practice will ensure you keep up with the trends, such as including data stacks that can support generating insights into unstructured data through AI and ML and staying competitive in the data-driven industry. 

Benefits of Data Stack

Below are some of the key benefits of data stack: 

  • Modularity: Modularity is the key feature of a data stack. It allows you to separate a product into different standalone but interchangeable components. You can build a stack layer by layer and continue adding technologies and tools according to your business requirements and growth. It is most useful when changing a technology on a data stack without disrupting the whole data layer architecture.
  • Documentation: With the help of a well-documented data stack, you can quickly access the information of different tools and technologies organizations use. This promotes collaboration and increases productivity within an organization.
  • Enhanced Decision Making: The main objective of the data stack is to facilitate data-driven decision-making. Effective data organizing, processing, and analyzing allows organizations to make result-based decisions rather than going intuitively. 
  • Scalability: A data stack is not rigid, meaning you can add as much data layering in the stack as your business grows. Usually, the 4 or 5 mentioned above can be a good start for your data management. However, big organizations can use more components to efficiently handle huge volumes of data. 


Every organization dealing with data needs a personalized data stack. It’s the infrastructure that converts inedible data (data that you can not work with) to edible data (data you can work with) in the most efficient way. 

By having the right knowledge of data stacking and following the best practices mentioned above, you can make the most out of the data assets of your organization. And if you are struggling with configurations of layers in a data stack. There are a plethora of tools and services you can choose to add to your stack that offer services to automate each layer of the data stack in cost-effective and scalable ways. 

Overall, the data stack is an exciting space with many new trends and technologies entering the market daily. Staying updated with these developments is key to making a data stack that serves your business requirements well. This includes trying out automated platforms like Hevo Data.

Hevo is the only real-time ELT No-code Data Pipeline platform that cost-effectively automates data pipelines that are flexible to your needs. With integration with 150+ Data Sources (40+ free sources), we help you not only export data from sources & load data to the destinations but also transform & enrich your data, & make it analysis-ready.

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Jalaj Jain
Freelance Technical Content Writer, Hevo Data

Jalaj has extensive experience in freelance writing within the data industry and is passionate about simplifying the complexities of data integration and data analysis through informative content for those delving deeper into these subjects.

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