Do you rely heavily on GA4 data for analyzing the metrics of your website engagement? If yes, then you would face problems while collecting all the GA4 data and performing advanced analytics on it. If you want to gain business-critical insights from your GA4 data, then you can’t simply manipulate it. You need to have access to all your marketing and website data in a centralized repository

This article throws light on two methods for implementing GA4 BigQuery Integration. However, to increase your time to value you can definitely go through the simple two-step process for replicating data from GA4 to BigQuery.

Methods to connect Google Analytics 4 to BigQuery?

  1. Using Hevo Data to Set up GA4 BigQuery Integration
    • Hevo Data helps you directly transfer data from GA4 and 150+ other sources to a Data Warehouse such as Google BigQuery, or a destination of your choice in a completely hassle-free & automated manner.
    • Hevo is fully managed and completely automates the process of not only loading data from your desired source but also enriching the data and transforming it into an analysis-ready form without having to write a single line of code.
  2. Using Google Cloud Platform API to Implement GA4 BigQuery Integration
    • The APIs will allow you to do the integration of data by configuring a connection between GA4 and your other data system.
    • It allows data streaming in real-time. But, as the process is highly complex and time consuming, it consumes a lot of bandwidth.
  3. Using CSV files
    • This method uses the native capability of GA4 to export file into CSV and then move to BigQuery.
    • For one time migration, and small data volume which doesn’t require any modification, this is a highly recommended method.

Watch our latest on-demand webinar for a hands-on to the Google Analytics 4 + BigQuery export. Hevo plateform can help how to use querie from basic to complex, explore new event tables and updated schema, and Explore ways to discover and extract the metrics necessary for driving your business forward.

How to Set up GA4 BigQuery Integration Using Three Methods?

Method 1: Using Hevo Data to Set up GA4 BigQuery Integration

Hevo takes care of all your data preprocessing to set up GA4 BigQuery Integration and lets you focus on key business activities and draw a much more powerful insight on how to generate more leads, retain customers, and take your business to new heights of profitability.

It provides a consistent & reliable solution to manage data in real-time and always has analysis-ready data in your desired destination. 

Hevo Data focuses on two simple steps to connect GA4 BigQuery Integration:

Step 1: Configure GA4 as a Source

  • Click PIPELINES in the Navigation Bar.
  • Click + CREATE in the Pipelines List View.
  • In the Select Source Type page, select Google Analytics 4 as the Source.
  • In the Configure your Google Analytics 4 Account page, do one of the following:
    • Select a previously configured account and click CONTINUE.
    • Click + ADD GOOGLE ANALYTICS 4 ACCOUNT and perform the following steps to configure an account:
      1. Select your linked Google account.
      2. Click Allow to grant Hevo access to your analytics data.
GA4 to BigQuery allow access
GA4 BigQuery Integration - Configuring GA4 Source | Hevo Data
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Step 2: Integrate Data into Google BigQuery

GA4 BigQuery Integration - Configure your BigQuery Destination | Hevo Data
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As can be seen, you are simply required to enter the corresponding credentials to implement this fully automated data pipeline without using any code.

Method 2: Using Google Cloud Platform to Implement GA4 BigQuery Integration

The steps to set up GA4 Bigquery Integration are as follows:

Step 1: Create a Project in Google BigQuery

  • Log in to your Google BigQuery account.
  • On the menu bar, click on the arrow beside the name of the project getting displayed.
GA4 BigQuery Integration- Project Name
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  • A pop-up window will appear with a list of existing BigQuery projects. In the top-left section of the pop-up window, click on the “New Project” option.
GA4 BigQuery Integration - New Project | Hevo Data
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  • The New Project window appears. Now, you can set the name and the location of the project.
GA4 BigQuery Integration - Setting Project Name | Hevo Data
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  • Then click on the “Create” button and the project will be created.

Step 2: Enable GA4 BigQuery Linking

  • Log in to your Google Analytics account. For further information about Google Analytics.
  • Click on Google Analytics 4 Admin option, found in the bottom-left corner of the window.
  • Now, after going to the GA4 Admin panel, click on “BigQuery Linking”.
  • BigQuery Linking window appears. Now, click on the “Link” button beside the search bar.
  • “Create a link with BigQuery” window appears. Now, click on the learn more link.
  • In the next window, scroll down and copy the Service Account Id of the service account given in point 5 of step 1 (firebase-measurement@system.gserviceaccount.com).
  • Now, go back to the “Create a link with BigQuery” window. Then click on the “Choose a BigQuery project” option.
  • Then select the name of the BigQuery project that you want to link with Google Analytics 4.
  • Now, select the Data Location from the drop-down menu.
  • Click on the “Next” button.
  • Now, select the type of Data streams. If you have a mobile app and want to export the user ids to Google BigQuery, you may additionally choose “Include advertising Identifiers for mobile app streams.”
  • Select the frequency of data movement accordingly i.e, either Daily (once a day) or Streaming (continuous export).
  • Now, click on the “Next” button and then review your choices and click on the “Submit” button.
  • Now, the link for the GA4 BigQuery is created.

Until now, just the GA4 BigQuery linking is accomplished. But they are still not connected. So, you need to create an API.

Step 3: Enable Google Cloud API

  • Go to the Google Cloud Console.
  • Then in the left navigation pane, go to API & Services and select “Library”.
  • The API Library page appears.
GA4 BigQuery Integration - API Library | Hevo Data
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  • Now, if you have not selected the project, then click on the current project name at the top. A separate window with the list of projects appears. Select the project you want to link.
  • Now, in the search bar, search for BigQuery API and click on it.
  • Now, make sure the BigQuery API is enabled and click on the “Manage” button.

Step 4: Add a Service Account

  • From the sidebar menu, select “Credentials”.
  • Go to “Create Credentials” and then select the “Service account” option.
  • In the Service account name, type firebase-measurement@system.gserviceaccount.com, i.e., the Id already copied in step 2. Then in the Service account ID, write the ID where you want to give access to that account and click on “Create”.
  • Now, grant the editor access to the Service account. And then click on “Continue” and select “Done”.

Step 5: Use Google BigQuery with GA4 Data

  • After all the procedures, wait for 24 hours for the data set to export to your BigQuery project.
GA4 BigQuery Integration - 2 Tables in the dataset | Hevo Data
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  • You’ll find 2 tables with each dataset. One for continuous export of raw events throughout the day and another for full daily export of events.
  • Now, you can run SQL queries on the tables according to your requirements.

Reasons for linking failures

Linking to BigQuery can fail for either of the following two reasons:

  • Your organization’s policy prohibits export to the United States. Choose a different location if you’ve chosen the United States as the location of your data.
  • Modify your organization’s policy if your organization policy prohibits service accounts from the domain you want to export data from. 

Reasons for export failures

There are several reasons due to which your GA4 BigQuery Schema Export may fail, such as:

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Method 3: Using CSV Files

This method for integration is useful for one time migrations. Suppose, you have your 100 customer’s data in a google sheet. You don’t have to build data pipelines to move that to BigQuery. CSV is the best option there.

The steps to connect are:

  • Log in to your report in Google Analytics, and load the report you want to move to BigQuery. 
  • Click on the Share button at the top-right corner of the screen. 
  • Select download file and choose CSV as the file format. 
  • After downloading the file, you can import or Loading CSV data from Cloud Storage the file into BigQuery using one of the available methods.

Which of these methods allows you to load GA4 historical data to BigQuery?

  • You can use Hevo’s automated data pipeline platform or Google Analytics API to connect to BigQuery.
  • You can get into the user level detail with GA API. But, it requires more steps to extract and load the data. As Hevo’s pipelines are automated, the effort and time will be much lesser.
  • It also gives you the flexibility to decide the period of historic load based on your use case. And, moving the historical data is free of cost.

Which Google Analytics properties data can you export to BigQuery?

  • A property in Google Analytics implies a website, blog, or application having a distinct tracking ID. In your GA account. You can decide the number of properties based on your use case.. 
  • Using the above methods, you can export the details of these properties to your BigQuery.
  • While configuring your source using Hevo Data, you will have the option to select your property.

After you’ve exported Google Analytics data to BigQuery, what can you achieve with the data?

By migrating your data from GA4 to BigQuery, you will be able to help your business stakeholders find the answers to these questions:

  • Which Demographic contributes to the highest fraction of users of a particular Product Feature? 
  • How are Paid Sessions and Goal Conversion Rate varying with Marketing Spend and Cash in-flow?
  • How to identify your most valuable customer segments?

Why should you enable the BigQuery linking for GA4?

There are several reasons to allow BigQuery linking for GA4, such as: 

  • To store your data in BigQuery (Google Cloud) and/or send it to your data warehouse in other clouds like Azure or Snowflake
  • To join and enrich your data with other marketing or contextual data
  • To visualize your data in tools like Tableau or PowerBI
  • To perform advanced analysis
  • To use your data as input for (machine learning) models

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Is BigQuery free with GA4?
  • Everyone who owns a GA4 property i.e. Premium or Standard has access to BigQuery. So, unlike earlier versions of Google Analytics, with GA4, users don’t need to pay an extra fee to connect their GA4 property to their BigQuery project.

2. How to query GA4 data in BigQuery?

  • After setting up GA4 BigQuery integration, you can easily query your raw events data in BigQuery. You need to go to Google Data Studio and select BigQuery.
  • You can see the list of all the Google Cloud Projects to which you have access. From there you can navigate to the tables and columns.
  • For queries, click on SQL Workspace, and type your queries to filter and display the GA4 data according to your requirements.

Key Takeaways

Although GA4 provides actionable insights about digital information yet, you would need a better understanding and analysis of your data at a granular level. And also, sometimes that would be required for you to connect the data with third-party applications. This is where you can set up a GA4 BigQuery connection.

This article has discussed 3 methods for setting up GA4 BigQuery Integration.

  • If you can take all the responsibility for implementing this integration, you can continue with the manual method.
  • However, if you want a more seamless integration that is fully automated and completely managed, you should definitely give Hevo a try.

Sign Up for a 14-day free trial and experience the feature-rich Hevo suite firsthand. Pick the ideal plan for your team based on your requirements on the Hevo Pricing Page

Share your experience of understanding the various methods of setting up GA4 BigQuery Integration in the comment section below!

mm
Associate Customer Experience Engineer

With around a year of experience, Madan has demonstrated expertise in customer experience management and issue resolution. His contributions to Hevo have significantly enhanced customer satisfaction by providing detailed resolutions to queries and effectively resolving issues, thereby benefiting the company's operations and client relations.

Manisha Jena
Research Analyst, Hevo Data

Manisha Jena is a data analyst with over three years of experience in the data industry and is well-versed with advanced data tools such as Snowflake, Looker Studio, and Google BigQuery. She is an alumna of NIT Rourkela and excels in extracting critical insights from complex databases and enhancing data visualization through comprehensive dashboards. Manisha has authored over a hundred articles on diverse topics related to data engineering, and loves breaking down complex topics to help data practitioners solve their doubts related to data engineering.

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