Replicating data from AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery allows organizations to consolidate operational data for advanced data analysis and decision-making. 

By utilizing Aurora Postgres’s reliability and scalability with BigQuery’s analytics capabilities, you can derive relevant insights from the AWS Aurora Postgres databases and perform in-depth data analysis in BigQuery with the updated insights and trends. This simplified process empowers improved decision-making.

This article will explore two easy methods for setting up a data replication pipeline from AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery. 

AWS Aurora Postgres: A Brief Overview

AWS Aurora Postgres is a fully managed relational database engine compatible with PostgreSQL. It combines the speed, reliability, and manageability of AWS Aurora with the simplicity and cost-effectiveness of the open-source database. 

AWS Aurora Postgres allows you to set up, operate, and scale new and existing deployments cost-effectively. You can easily manage routine database tasks, including setting up databases, installing updates, creating backups, recovering data, detecting failures, and fixing issues.

Additionally, you can utilize Aurora Postgres databases to develop HIPAA-compliant applications and store Protected Health Information (PHI) with just a signed Business Associate Agreement (BAA) from AWS. 

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BigQuery: A Brief Overview

BigQuery is a serverless, fully managed data warehouse platform introduced by Google Cloud. It supports Structured Query Language (SQL) for efficiently analyzing and processing large-scale data to uncover valuable insights. 

BigQuery is known for its scalability and cost-effectiveness. It can handle terabytes to petabytes of data without complex infrastructure management; you only pay for the resources you utilize. 

You can connect to BigQuery in multiple ways, such as through the GCP console, the BigQuery REST API, the bq command line tool, or client libraries such as Java or Python.

Methods to Export AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery

You can effortlessly sync AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery using Hevo Data or a manual CSV Import/Export method.

Method 1: AWS Aurora Postgres Replication to BigQuery Using Hevo Data

Hevo Data is a no-code, real-time ELT data pipeline platform that cost-effectively automates data pipelines based on your preferences. With over 150+ data sources available, you can easily extract data, load it into different destinations, and transform it for detailed analysis.

Here are some of the key features of Hevo Data:

  • Data Transformation: Hevo Data makes data analysis more accessible by offering a user-friendly approach to data transformation. To enhance the quality of the data, you can create a Python-based Transformation script or utilize Drag-and-Drop Transformation blocks. These tools allow cleaning, preparing, and standardizing the data before importing it into the desired destination.
  • Auto Schema Mapping: Hevo Data allows you to transfer recently updated data while optimizing bandwidth usage at the source and destination ends of a data pipeline. 
  • Incremental Data Load: The Auto Mapping feature in Hevo saves you from the difficulty of manually managing schemas. It automatically recognizes the format of incoming data and replicates it in the destination schema. Depending on your data replication needs, you can select between full or incremental mappings. 

Let’s explore how to load data from AWS Aurora Postgres to Google BigQuery.

Step 1: Configure AWS Aurora Postgres as Your Source Connector

Before you begin, ensure the following prerequisites are in place:

Here are the steps to configure your AWS Aurora Postgres as your source:

  1. From the Navigation Bar, select PIPELINES. 
  2. Click + CREATE from the Pipelines List View.
  3. Choose Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL in Select Source Type.
  4. On the Configure your Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL Source page, specify the mandatory fields for configuration.
AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery:  Configuring Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL Source Page
Configuring Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL Source Page
  1. Click on TEST CONNECTION to validate the connection settings.
  2. Click on TEST & CONTINUE to proceed with destination configuration.

To know more about the source configuration, read Hevo’s Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL Source documentation.

Step 2: Configuring BigQuery as Your Destination Connector

Before you start configuring the Hevo BigQuery connector, ensure the following prerequisites are in place:

  • A Google Cloud Platform (GCP) BigQuery project; create a new GCP project if you don’t have one.
  • The required roles for the GCP project are assigned to the associated Google account.
  • An active billing account associated with your GCP project.
  • A Team Collaborator or any other administrator role except Billing Administrator role in Hevo to create the destination end of the pipeline.

Perform the below steps to configure BigQuery as your destination end of the pipeline.

  1. Go to the Navigation Bar, and click DESTINATIONS.
  2. Click on the + CREATE option from the Destinations List View.
  3. Navigate to the Add Destination page and choose Google BigQuery as the type of destination.
  4. On the Configure your Google BigQuery Warehouse page, specify the essential details for configuration.
Configuring your Google BigQuery Destination page


For more information, read Hevo’s Google BigQuery Destination Documentation.

Method 2: AWS Aurora Postgres Replication to BigQuery Using CSV Export/Import Method

Let’s look into a custom method that demonstrates how to move data from AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery using CSV files.

Step 1: Export Data from AWS Aurora Postgres into a CSV File

You can use the PostgreSQL COPY command to export data directly from a PostgreSQL table on AWS Aurora to a CSV file.

Use the following command in PostgreSQL to export the data to a CSV file:

COPY tableName TO ‘/path_to/your_file.csv’, DELIMITER ‘,’, CSV HEADER;

Let’s look at each element in the command:

  • tableName: Provide the name of the table from which you wish to export data.
  • /path_to/your_file.csv: Specify the correct location along with the name of the CSV file.
  • DELIMITER ‘,’: It specifies a delimiter you wish to use in the CSV file. 
  • CSV: It denotes the output file should be in CSV format.
  • HEADER: It denotes the first row in the CSV file that lists the column names.

Step 2: Build a Google Cloud Storage (GCS) Bucket and Upload the CSV File

  1. Sign into your Google Cloud Console.
  2. Go to the Storage section and click the Browser option in the left navigation pane.
  3. Click on the + CREATE BUCKET option to create a new GCS bucket.
  4. Specify a unique bucket name.
  5. Select the default storage class and location for your bucket.
AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery: Creating a Google Cloud Storage Bucket 
Creating a Google Cloud Storage Bucket 
  1. Select the GCS bucket that you have created in the previous step.
  2. Click UPLOAD FILES to attach the CSV files from your local computer to the GCS bucket.
  3. When you are redirecting to the file upload dialog box, choose the CSV files exported from AWS Aurora PostgreSQL and upload.
AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery: Configuring GCS Bucket
AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery: Configuring GCS Bucket
  1. After completing the CSV file upload, you can see the uploaded CSV files in your GCS bucket.

Step 3: Load Data into BigQuery

To load the data into BigQuery, you must use the BigQuery Web User Interface.

  1. In the top-left corner of Google Cloud Console, click on the Navigation menu.
  2. Choose BigQuery from the Analytics section.
  3. Navigate to your Dataset to create a new dataset or table. 
  4. To create a new dataset, select your BigQuery project and choose the Create data set option from View actions (three vertical dots) next to your project name.
  5. Create a new table in your selected dataset by clicking Create table.
  6. For the Create table from, select Google Cloud Storage from the drop-down menu.
  7. Specify the path to the CSV files in the GCS bucket. Select File format as CSV.
  8. Provide a table name and specify a name, data type, and description for every column in the table.
  9. Finally, click CREATE TABLE to start the loading process.

Limitations of CSV Export/Import for AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery Replication

  • Lack of Real-time Data Synchronization: The CSV file method requires manual intervention and doesn’t support automated real-time data syncing; you can only transfer historical data.
  • Manual Export Process: Exporting data to CSV files and importing them into BigQuery is a manual task prone to human error. Each data transfer requires coordination and effort; manually handling large-sized CSV files raises the risk of data corruption. Additionally, it is time-consuming to transfer large-sized CSV files. 

Use Cases of AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery Replication

  • Scalability: Organizations with growing data volumes can load large-scale datasets from AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery. Both platforms are highly scalable and require minimal upfront investment, helping cost-effectively consolidate data for efficient analysis and reporting.
  • Real-time Analytics: Replicating data from AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery enables real-time data analytics. With this replication, you can access relevant insights timely to make better decisions.


When replicating AWS Aurora Postgres to Google BigQuery, you can efficiently manage and analyze your organization’s operational data. 

Instead of relying on a time-consuming CSV export/import method, you can utilize the Hevo Data platform, especially for applications that require real-time synchronization.

Hevo’s readily available connectors help streamline the AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery replication process. The platform eliminates manual intervention, saves time, and reduces the possibility of data loss.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Should I opt to load the data directly into BigQuery from AWS Aurora Postgres, or would it be more advantageous to export it to CSV format first? 

Loading the data directly into the BigQuery destination saves you time and effort. Hevo Data provides readily available source and destination connectors to effortlessly migrate the data from AWS Aurora Postgres to BigQuery. However, exporting to CSV files is more suitable when the datasets are small or when there are infrequent data migrations.

Sony Saji
Technical Writer, Hevo Data

Sony is a former Computer Science teacher turned technical content writer, specializing in crafting blogs and articles on topics such as ML, AI, Python Frameworks, and other emerging trends in Data Science and Analytics.

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