MySQL to SQL Server replication is significant in instances like standardizing on the Microsoft technology stack. To configure MySQL to SQL Server, you must create a link to the target instance of the SQL Server where you want to migrate the MySQL database. And many more!

This blog is created to walk you through all the essential steps to successfully create and configure MySQL to connect to the SQL server. There are plenty of methods to connect MySQL to SQL Server out there. We will help you decide the best one for your use case.

Methods to Migrate Data from MySQL to SQL Server

There are different approaches to convert MySQL to MSSQL databases, including manual scripting or using automated migration software. The two methods you can use to migrate data from MySQL to SQL Server.

Method 1: Using Hevo Data to Connect MySQL to SQL Server

MySQL to SQL Server - Hevo Logo | Hevo Data
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Hevo is the only real-time ELT No-code Data Pipeline platform that cost-effectively automates data pipelines that are flexible to your needs. Hevo’s pre-built integration with MySQL, SQL Server along with 150+ Sources (including 40+ free Data Sources) will take full charge of the data transfer process, allowing you to set up MySQL to SQL Server migration seamlessly and focus solely on key business activities.

Sign up here for a 14-Day Free Trial!

Hevo takes care of all your data preprocessing needs required to set up MySQL to SQL Server migration. The following steps can be implemented to set up MySQL to SQL Server migration using Hevo:

  • Configure Source: Connect Hevo Data with MySQL by providing a unique name for your Pipeline along with information about your MySQL database such as its name, IP Address, Port Number, Username, Password, etc.
MySQL to SQL Server - Configure MySQL as a Source | Hevo Data
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  • Integrate Data: Complete MySQL to SQL Server migration by providing your SQL Server database credentials such as your authorized Username and Password, along with information about your Host IP Address and Port Number value. You will also need to provide a name for your database and a unique name for this destination.
MySQL to SQL Server - MS SQL Server Destination Configuration | Hevo Data
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Check out what makes Hevo amazing:

  • Data Transformation: It provides a simple interface to perfect, modify, and enrich the data you want to transfer. 
  • Auto-Schema Management: Correcting improper schema after the data is loaded into your warehouse is challenging. Hevo automatically maps source schema with destination warehouse so that you don’t face the pain of schema errors.
  •  Incremental Data Load: Hevo allows the transfer of data that has been modified in real-time. This ensures efficient utilization of bandwidth on both ends.

Method 2: Using ODBC to Connect MySQL to SQL Server

In this method, ODBC will be used to connect MySQL to SQL Server. ODBC stands for Open Database Connectivity (Connector).  It was developed by Microsoft in the 1990s. Commonly, that is API (Application Programming Interface) for retrieving database systems.

This section will be divided into three parts:

Step 1: ODBC Driver Installation

Before you install the ODBC driver, you need to first make sure that you have updated the Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) and it’s up to date. Likewise, ensure that the Microsoft Visual C++ 2013 Redistributable Package is pre-installed on your computer. 

The next thing you need to do is download the ODBC driver here. Ensure that you pick the right version that works with your system; either 64 bits or 32 bits depending on your computer compatibility. 

MySQL to SQL Server - MySQL Download Procedure | Hevo Data

After downloading, the next thing to do is locate the file and install it. After a couple of minutes, the installation of the ODBC driver for MySQL should be completed. You can check the control panel of your computer to confirm that the driver is installed on your computer. 

Step 2: ODBC Driver Configuration

The next step is to connect to the MySQL database via the ODBC driver. In the ODBC Data Source Administrator dialog, press the Add button. You will find it under the System DSN tab. 

MySQL to SQL Server - ODBC Driver Configuration | Hevo Data

After clicking the Add button, a Create New Data Source dialog opens. Proceed to select the MySQL Driver and then press finish.

MySQL to SQL Server - Creating a New Data Source using ODBC Driver | Hevo Data

In the ODBC Data Source/ MySQL Connector Configuration dialog: 

In the Data Source Name section, enter any data source name you want. The next thing is to add a description to the data source if necessary.

MySQL to SQL Server - ODBC Data Source Configuration | Hevo Data

Utilize the Named Pipe Connection or TCP/IP Server method to interface with MySQL by choosing a suitable radio button. In the model below, the TCP/IP Server radio button is chosen. In the content box, input a hostname or IP address of the MySQL server. As a matter of course, the hostname is localhost and the IP address is 127.0.0.1. Next is to enter the TCP/IP port on which the MySQL server is listed in the Port box. It displays 3306 ports by default.

In the user box, input the name of the client expected to connect with the MySQL database and type a password in the password box. Under the Database combo box, pick the database for which you need to build up a connection:

MySQL to SQL Server - ODBC Data Source Configuration Filled In | Hevo Data

After inputting all of this information, you can test the database by clicking the Text button and making sure it shows testing successfully. 

When you are done, the data source name should appear in the System DSN tab of the ODBC Data Source Administrator dialog:

MySQL to SQL Server - ODBC Data Source Administrator Dialog | Hevo Data
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Step 3: Creating a Linked Server using ODBC Driver

At this point, you should have already installed your ODBC driver for MySQL and also connected the driver to the MySQL database you want. The next phase is to configure the linked server in SSMS (SQL Server Metadata Explorer) to connect. With the SSMA, you can collect metadata about every database in the SQL Server instance and display this metadata in the SSMA. 

The next step is to go to the SSMS, in the Object Explorer, under the Server Objects folder, right-click on the Linked Server folder, and, from the menu, select the New Linked Server choice:

MySQL to SQL Server - Creating a Linked Server | Hevo Data

This displays the New Linked Server dialog. You will then need to configure it to connect to the MySQL Server. 

MySQL to SQL Server - New Linked Server Dialog | Hevo Data

While in the Linked Server dialog box, click the General tab on the left-hand side and enter the name you want to use to call the linked server. It could be anything as long as it’s easier to remember. Then choose the other data source button from the server type. Under it, you will find a provider; select the Microsoft OLE DB Provider for ODBC Drivers option. Then proceed to enter any proper name. In the Data source, the name of the ODBC data source should be entered:

MySQL to SQL Server - ODBC Data Source Name | Hevo Data

Then on the Security tab, click the Be made using this security context radio button, and in the Remote login and With password boxes, enter the user name and password that exist in the MySQL Server instance, that is chosen as a data source:

MySQL to SQL Server - New Linked Server Dialog Box | Hevo Data

Under the Server Options tab, set the RPC and RPC Out fields to True:

MySQL to SQL Server - Set RPC and RPC Out as True | Hevo Data

After setting all the options on the New Linked Server dialog, click the OK button. The newly created Linked Server ought to appear in the Linked Servers folder:

MySQL to SQL Server - Linked Server Folder | Hevo Data

Before starting to querying data from the MySQL database, go to the Providers folder under the Linked Server folder, right-click on the MSDASQL provider and, from the context menu, choose the Properties command:

MySQL to SQL Server - Properties Command Selection | Hevo Data

In the Provider Options dialog, check the Nested queries, Level zero only, Allow in process, Support ‘Like’ operator checkboxes:

MySQL to SQL Server - Provider Options Dialog | Hevo Data

This concludes this method of connecting MySQL to SQL Server that used ODBC.

Challenges of Manually Migrating Data from MySQL to SQL Server

The following errors might appear in the process of migrating data from MySQL to SQL Server while leveraging ODBC: 

  • Before you attempt to connect MySQL to SQL Server, ensure that the version of SQL Server is running and can accept new connections.
  • If the Linked Server was created with the Allow in-process option enabled, then you should delete this Linked Server and create it again with the Allow in-process option disabled.
  • While setting up, you need to set the RPC and RPC Out fields to True. In case when these two options are not set to true, you may get an error. 
  • An error message may also appear if the Allow in-process check box is unchecked when executing code.

Method 3: Using SQL Server Migration Assistant (SSMA) for MySQL

To evaluate databases for migration, SSMA for MySQL allows you to examine database objects and data. Follow these steps to generate an assessment:

  1. Launch SSMA for MySQL.
  2. Choose “New Project” from the File menu.
  3. Provide a project name and storage location. Select “SQL Server” as the migration target.
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  1. Fill in the connection details in the Connect to MySQL dialog, establishing a connection to your MySQL server.
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  1. Choose the MySQL databases intended for migration.
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  1. In MySQL Metadata Explorer, right-click on the MySQL database, then opt for Create Report. Alternatively, access the Create Report tab in the upper-right corner.
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  1. Examine the HTML report for insights into conversion statistics, errors, or warnings. Alternatively, import the report into Excel to analyze MySQL objects and assess the effort for schema conversions. The default location is within SSMAProjects, illustrated below:

drive:\Users\

<username>\Documents\SSMAProjects\MySQLMigration\report\report_2016_11_12T02_47_55\.

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Limitations 

  • It is mandatory to have connections to MySQL and MS SQL Server databases.
  • Ensure that both MS SQL and MySQL are installed on your computer.
  • Incompatible data types result in unhandled exceptions, preventing you from converting MySQL database tables to MS SQL database format.
  • It may be necessary for beginners to seek experts’ assistance to complete the conversion successfully.

Before wrapping up, let’s cover some basics.

Use Cases For Transferring Data from MySQL to MS SQL Server

Migrating data from MySQL to MS SQL Server offers numerous benefits. Here are some practical applications:

  1. Enhanced Analytics: Leveraging MS SQL Server’s robust data processing capabilities allows for intricate queries and analysis, unlocking insights beyond MySQL’s capabilities.
  2. Data Centralization: Syncing MySQL data with MS SQL Server enables centralized data management, facilitating comprehensive operational insights and ensuring data consistency across multiple sources.
  3. Historical Data Analysis: Overcome MySQL’s limitations on historical data by transferring data to MS SQL Server, enabling long-term retention and trend analysis.
  4. Data Security and Compliance: Benefit from MS SQL Server’s robust security features, ensuring data integrity and compliance when syncing MySQL data.
  5. Scalability: MS SQL Server efficiently handles large datasets, making it suitable for growing businesses with expanding MySQL data volumes.
  6. Data Science and Machine Learning: With MySQL data integrated into MS SQL Server, apply machine learning models for predictive analytics and customer segmentation.
  7. Reporting and Visualization: While MySQL offers reporting tools, MS SQL Server connects with advanced visualization tools like Tableau, PowerBI, and Looker, enhancing business intelligence capabilities. Airbyte facilitates automatic conversion of MySQL tables to MS SQL Server tables.

What is MySQL?

MySQL to SQL Server - MySQL logo | Hevo Data
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MySQL was developed by Michael Widenius and David Axmark in 1994 as an open-source, quick dependable, and adaptable relational database management system, used with PHP. It is a simple-to-use RDBMS popularly exploited by both small and large organizations. One of its distinctive features is its adaptability; the open-source GPL permit permits developers to alter MySQL programming to accommodate their particular environment.

MySQL is turning out to be so mainstream due to numerous valid justifications:

  • MySQL is delivered under an open-source license, which means you don’t have to pay to utilize it. This makes it popular among web developers. 
  • It is an incredible program by its own doing. It handles an enormous subset of the functions of the most costly and amazing database packages.
  • It likewise utilizes a standard type of the notable SQL data language.
  • MySQL can be used with any operating system and with numerous languages like PHP, C, PERL, Java, C++, and so on
  • MySQL works rapidly and functions admirably even with huge data sets.
  • MySQL is the most loved database for web development.

MySQL also uses enormous data sets, up to 50 million rows and columns or more in a table. The default document size limit for a table is 4GB, however, you can build this (if your operating system can deal with it) to a hypothetical restriction of 8 million terabytes (TB). If you want to learn about loading data file to table in MySQL, here’s a resource you can check out.

Some of the top brands around the world utilize the MySQL database and they include Facebook, Wikipedia, Google (not for search), YouTube, and Flickr. Content Management Systems (CMS) like WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, phpBB etc. A huge number of website developers around the world are also using MySQL to design web applications.

Key Features of MySQL

  • MySQL server has a multi-layered design with independent modules.
  • It is fully multithreaded with kernel threads. This makes it perfect for handling several CPUs if they are available.
  • It provides both transactional and non-transactional storage engines.
  • It has a high-speed thread-based memory allocation system.
  • It supports an in-memory heap table.
  • It also handles large databases.
  • It works in client/server or embedded systems.
  • MySQL also works on many different platforms.

Why Move From MySQL to SQL?

The reasons to move from MySQL to SQL are listed below:

Performance

According to the reports on a comparative study by IJARCCE, SQL has a better response time than MySQL. In the comparative test, the time was recorded on both the Databases for the execution of the same “SELECT”, “INSERT”, “DELETE”, and “UPDATE” queries. MySQL only performed better in the “INSERT” query. Note that the performance of a MySQL connect to SQL Server also depends on network speed, data volume, and database optimization.

Scalability 

As the size and complexity of data increase, it becomes difficult to handle MySQL because errors may occur from time to time. It was not designed with scalability in mind. SQL, on the other hand, provides high scalability.

Security

DBAs can manipulate the Database files through binary execution at run time that makes MySQL vulnerable in terms of security. This is not the case with SQL, as doesn’t allow any Database file manipulation and also offers a Vulnerability Assessment tool (VA) that helps developers identify and fix security vulnerabilities.

Here’s another blog that talks about migrating data from MySQL to PostgreSQL. Take a look at it for more information on data migration.

What is SQL Server?

MySQL to SQL Server - SQL Server logo | Hevo Data
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SQL Server is also an RDBMS created by Microsoft. However, it is fundamentally developed to compete with the MySQL database. Like MySQL, the SQL Server is exceptionally adaptable and can be run on anything from a personal computer to a network of powerful cloud servers, and anything in the middle.

As indicated by Microsoft, SQL Server is the number one most-utilized data set on the planet. As per different sources, it’s more similar to numbers 2, 3, or 4. Regardless, it’s perhaps the most well-known DMS on the planet. While its center capacity is that of an RDBMS, SQL Server has gotten substantially more than that. SQL Server 2016 incorporates in-built business intelligence tools, just as a scope of analysis and reporting features. This is on top of the tools like data creation, backup, duplication, security, et cetera.

Key Features of SQL Server

  • The Database Engine: This segment handles data storage, fast exchange processing, and data security.
  • The SQL Server: This assistance begins, pauses, stops, and continues the dataset process. 
  • The Server Agent: It plays out the job of the task scheduler. It tends to be set off by any occasion or according to request. 
  • The SQL Server Browser: This receives approaching queries and connects with the ideal SQL server instance. 
  • The SQL Server Full-Text Search: This permits the client to run a full-text search against Character information in SQL Tables. 
  • SQL Server VSS Writer: This permits data backup and rebuilding of the data file when the server isn’t running. 
  • The SQL Server Analysis Services (SSAS): Offers Data analytics, Data mining, and Machine Learning features. The SQL server is incorporated with R and Python language for cutting-edge data analytics.
  • The SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS): Offers data reporting features and dynamic capacities using Hadoop integration.
  • The SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS): Offers extract-transform and Load features of the distinctive kind of data starting with one source and then onto the next. It very well may be seen as converting raw data into helpful ones. 

Now that you have a fair idea about MySQL and SQL Server, here’s a blog that sheds light on the differences between the two.

Conclusion

This article talks about the 2 simple methods you can use to migrate or configure MySQL to SQL Server. You can either use ODBC or a third-party tool like Hevo to connect MySQL to SQL Server. Please note that while you may create a link to a higher rendition of SQL Server, contrasted with the version picked when the migration project was made, change of the data set object is controlled by the target version of the project and not the variant of the SQL Server connected to.

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Sign Up for a 14-day free trial to try Hevo. You can also have a look at the unbeatable pricing that will help you choose the right plan for your business needs.

References

  1. Microsoft guide on MySQL to SQL Server Migration
Samuel Salimon
Freelance Technical Content Writer, Hevo Data

Samuel specializes in freelance writing within the data industry, adeptly crafting informative and engaging content centered on data science by merging his problem-solving skills.