Organizations rely on integration with different applications to collect data as well as send data for analysis. However, since different applications require different Drivers and Connectors, monitoring them becomes a tedious task for administrators. This challenge is more prominent in Data Warehouses, where organizations usually connect numerous Drivers and Connectors. To simplify monitoring and fixing issues in the connection, you can collect logs if you are using a Snowflake Data Warehouse.
In this article, you will learn about different Drivers and Connectors provided by Snowflake and how to generate the Snowflake Logs through them.
Table of Contents
- What is Snowflake?
- Snowflake Drivers and Connectors
- Generating Snowflake logs for Drivers and Connectors
- Generating Snowflake Logs for CLI Clients
- Basic Knowledge of Cloud Computing.
What is Snowflake?
In July 2012, Snowflake was established by 3 Data Warehousing specialists, Benoit Dageville, Thierry Cranes, and Marcin Zukowski. After being in stealth mode for the next two years, in October 2014, Snowflake was launched publicly. In June 2020, it was rebranded as Snowflake Data Cloud.
In September of the same year, Snowflake took the industry by storm due to its unprecedented IPO. Ever since Snowflake has been immensely growing, and today it is one of the popular Data Warehouses. Currently, its headquarters is situated in Bozeman, Montana.
Snowflake is a ‘Data Warehouse-as-a-Service’ platform offering cloud-based data storage and analytics solutions. In other words, Snowflake utilizes cloud computation and storage to provide limitless processing and storage capabilities.
Snowflake runs on popular cloud providers such as Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform. It is significantly more versatile and faster to use than any traditional Data Warehouse platform.
Key Features of Snowflake
Here are a few features of Snowflake:
1) Cloud Agnostic
Using Snowflake, users can easily integrate Snowflake into their existing cloud infrastructure and deploy it in regions of their choice.
The Snowflake’s multi-cluster shared data architecture separated computation and storage. This approach allows users to scale up and down resources without disrupting the service easily.
Snowflake supports various authentication methods, including two-factor authentication and federated authentication for SSO. A hybrid model of discretionary access control and role-based access control can access objects in the account.
4) Concurrency and Workload Separation
Snowflake came into existence, users had to wait for the availability of resources in a traditional Data Warehouse system, resulting in concurrency concerns. There is no issue with concurrency in Snowflake because of its multicluster architecture. This architecture separates workloads to be conducted against their computing clusters, referred to as a virtual warehouse.
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Step 1: Go to Snowflake. Enter the First Name, Last Name, Email, Company, Country, and click the Continue button.
Step 2: In the next screen, select an edition, cloud provider, and the region. Next, click on Get Started.
Step 3: At the same time, an email ‘Activate Your Snowflake Account’ will be sent to your registered email address. Once you click on Activate, it will ask you to create the initial username and password.
Step 4: The screen as shown below appears.
Snowflake Drivers and Connectors
Snowflake supports a variety of popular programming languages and development platforms. Users can use Snowflakes native client Connectors or Drivers to develop applications that use any of these programmatic interfaces.
Using the Snowflake Drivers/Connectors, users can connect to the Snowflake Data Warehouse and perform data access operations such as read-write and metadata import.
Generating Snowflake Logs for Drivers and Connectors
Snowflake supports a variety of connections methods:
- Drivers: Using client services and applications from 3rd-party that supports JDBC or ODBC
- Connectors: Developing applications that connect through the Connectors of Snowflake for languages such as Python and Spark.
The 2 types of Drivers are listed below:
An ODBC Driver uses the Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) interface that allows applications to connect data in Database Management Systems (DBMS) using SQL. ODBC allows maximum interoperability, implying that a single application can access multiple DBMS.
The requirements for the ODBC Driver vary depending on the platform. Also, depending on the cloud service that hosts the Snowflake account, multiple versions of the ODBC Driver support the GET and PUT commands.
1.1) Downloading ODBC for Snowflake Logs
The Snowflake ODBC Driver installation is available from the Snowflake Client Repository.
The Repository serves the client components using the following endpoints:
1.2) Installing ODBC for Snowflake Logs
Double click on the downloaded ODBC file. The Driver will be installed most probably in the following location C:Program Files.
1.3) Generating Snowflake Logs
On Windows, Add a string value to the registry as shown:
Also, update to: LogLevel=6, CurlVerboseMode=true, LogPath=C:PATH)
A JDBC Driver uses Oracle’s JDBC Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) API, which provides a standard method to access data using Java. All users get access to the Driver downloads at no additional cost.
The JDBC Driver requires Java 1.8 version or higher and a 64-bit environment. Most client applications that support JDBC for connecting to a database server can utilize the Driver.
2.1) Downloading JDBC for Snowflake Logs
Visit the Maven Central Repository and download the latest version.
2.2) Generating Snowflake Logs
In order to generate the log files in JDBC, add tracing=ALL to the JDBC connection as shown here
Here are some Connectors for different platforms:
1) Snowflake Connector for Python
The Snowflake Connector for Python is a Python interface for connecting to Snowflake and performing all standard operations. The connector is a pure Python library with no JDBC or ODBC dependencies. Pip can also be used to install it on Linux, Mac OS, and Windows that already have a supported version of Python installed.
The Snowflake Connector for Python was used to develop the SnowSQL, although it is not required to install SnowSQL.
1.1) Installing the Python Connector
Step 1: If you do not have Python already on your system, Click here.
Step 2: Now, in the command prompt again, type
pip install snowflake-connector-python==<version>
Where, in <version> enter the version of the connector you wish to install
1.2) Generating Snowflake Logs
In order to generate log files, add the following lines to the application code.
import logging import os for logger_name in ['snowflake','botocore']: logger = logging.getLogger(logger_name) logger.setLevel(logging.DEBUG) ch = logging.FileHandler('python_connector.log') ch.setLevel(logging.DEBUG) ch.setFormatter(logging.Formatter('%(asctime)s - %(threadName)s %(filename)s:%(lineno)d - %(funcName)s() - %(levelname)s - %(message)s')) logger.addHandler(ch)
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2) Snowflake Connector for Spark
Snowflake Connector for Spark, also known as Spark Connector, integrates Snowflake into the Apache Spark environment, enabling it to read and write data to Snowflake. For each version of Spark, there is a different version of the Snowflake connector. As a Spark plugin, the connector executes and is available as a Spark package (spark-snowflake).
Snowpark is an excellent alternative to Spark, which enables users to perform all the tasks within Snowflake rather than as a separate cluster. The Spark Connector uses the Snowflake JDBC Driver to establish a connection to Snowflake.
2.1) Downloading Apache Spark for Snowflake Logs
Step 1: Download the Apache Spark Connector as per the version of Scala on your system.
Step 2: Install the Snowflake JDBC Driver.
2.2) Generating Snowflake Logs
In order to enable the JDBC Driver to log in to the Spark connector, append “tracing”: “all” to the parameter list “sfOptions”.
In the Scala:
var sfOptions = Map( "sfURL" -> ("test.eu-west-1" + ".snowflakecomputing.com?tracing=ALL"), "sfUser" -> "test", "sfPassword" -> "**********", "sfRole" -> sys.env.getOrElse("SF_ROLE", "PUBLIC"), "sfDatabase" -> sys.env.getOrElse("SF_DB", "DB"), "sfSchema" -> sys.env.getOrElse("SF_SCHEMA", "PUBLIC"), "sfWarehouse" -> sys.env.getOrElse("SF_WH", "COMPUTE_WH"), "traing" -> "all" );
Generating Snowflake Logs for CLI Clients
We will be using SnowSQL which is an interactive Snowflake terminal. You may use it to run queries, create database objects, and conduct various administrative activities.
SnowSQL, the structured query language of Snowflake, is a new-generation command-line client. It is used for connecting to Snowflake for executing SQL queries as well as performing all DDL (Data Definition Language) and DML (Data Manipulation Language) operations. Using SnowSQL, users can control all aspects of the Snowflake Data Cloud, including uploading, querying, modifying, and removing data.
1) Platform-Specific Version Requirements
- Linux: Ubuntu 16.04 or later.
- macOS: 10.14 or later.
- Windows: Windows 8 or later.
2) Download SnowSQL
On the Snowflake Interface, on the upper right side, click on Help > Download the SnowSQL CLI client.
3) SnowSQL Installation
Step 1: Open the command prompt, type snowsql, and hit enter.
Step 2: Now, log in to Snowflake through SnowSQL, type snowsql -a y, where a is the account name, and y is the username.
4) Generating Snowflake Logs
Add -o log_level=DEBUG to the command-line arguments
In the config file of SnowSQL, update log_level=DEBUG:
For Windows: %USERPROFILE%.snowsqlconfig
Using the Drivers, Connector, or CLI clients to make connections to the Snowflake makes it easy to generate the log files. In this article, we learned about Snowflake Logs and their features.
Further, we learned about different Drivers and Connectors used to connect to the Snowflake platform. In the end, we learned how to generate the Snowflake Logs using these Drivers and Connectors.
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Share your experience of learning about the Snowflake Logs in the comments section below. We would love to hear from you!