Snowflake is a popular Cloud Data Warehousing solution that has been implemented by scores of well-known firms, including Fortune 500 companies, as their Data Warehouse provider and manager.
This article describes Snowflake replication in detail.
Table of Contents
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In today’s competitive business environment, enterprises should have their systems available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. A database failure can occur for many reasons, including viruses, natural disasters, or network issues. Few minutes of downtime can result in a significant financial impact.
Businesses operating in industries such as finance, healthcare, technology, and retail need to have high availability of data and a mechanism for quick recovery in case of failure.
Enterprises normally have plans for business continuity and disaster recovery. However, it may take longer for a business to fully restore its data and systems, which can lead to loss of revenue.
The Snowflake team understands this, and that’s why they introduced the idea of database replication to ensure consistent data availability.
This is what you need for this article:
Part 1: What is Snowflake?
Snowflake is an analytic data warehouse offered as Software-as-a-Service. It provides a faster and easy-to-use Data Warehouse. Snowflake’s data warehouse is also more flexible compared to traditional data warehouse offerings.
Snowflake’s data warehouse does not rely on an existing database or “big data” software platform like Hadoop. Instead, it uses a new SQL database engine with a unique architecture that is specifically designed for the cloud.
To the user, Snowflake seems to be similar to the other enterprise data warehouses, but it has unique capabilities and additional functionalities.
Part 2: Steps to Achieve Snowflake Replication
In this section, we will be discussing the steps necessary to replicate databases across different Snowflake accounts located in different regions. Here are the steps to achieve Snowflake replication:
Step 1: Link your Organization Accounts
Before configuring database replication, you should first link either two or more accounts in your organization. Just contact the Snowflake support team for this.
To see all accounts in your organization, use the following command:
show replication accounts;
Step 2: Promote a Local Database to Serve as the Primary Database
You should now modify an existing transient or permanent database to act as the primary database.
Just use the ALTER DATABASE … ENABLE REPLICATION TO ACCOUNTS command.
You can use a comma (,) to separate the names of accounts in your organization that can store a replica of this database, and users in those accounts will be able to query objects in the secondary database.
alter database mydb enable replication to accounts aws_us_east_1.myaccount1, azure_westeurope.myaccount2;
The above command promotes the local database mydb to serve as the primary database and specifies that the accounts myaccount1 and myaccount2 can each store a replica of this database.
Step 3: Enable Failover for a Primary Database
Use the ALTER DATABASE … ENABLE FAILOVER TO ACCOUNTS statement to enable failover for the primary database to one or more accounts in your organization. You can use any of the replicas of the primary database in any of the accounts.
Note that you can enable failover for the primary database either before or after the creation of the replica of the primary database in a specified account.
alter database mydb enable failover to accounts aws_us_east_1.myaccount1, azure_westeurope.myaccount2;
The above command enables failover for primary database mydb to accounts myaccount1 and myaccount2.
Note that the above command MUST be executed in the account where the primary database is stored.
For example, if the primary database is stored in the account myaccount3, the command must be executed in that account.
Step 4: Create a Secondary Database
You should create a replica of an existing primary database in the same account that stores the primary database, or in a different account.
Note that the secondary database can only be created in an account that was specified in the ALTER DATABASE … ENABLE REPLICATION TO ACCOUNTS ALTER SYSTEM SET wal_level = logical; command in Step 2 above.
Execute the CREATE DATABASE … AS REPLICA OF statement in each target account to create a replica of the primary database.
CREATE DATABASE mydb
AS REPLICA OF aws_us_west_2.myaccount1.mydb
AUTO_REFRESH_MATERIALIZED_VIEWS_ON_SECONDARY = TRUE;
The above command creates a replica of the primary database mydb in the account myaccount2 with automatic refreshing of materialized views in the replica enabled.
The command should be executed in myaccount2.
You can then use the following command to refresh each secondary database from a snapshot of its primary database:
ALTER DATABASE mydb REFRESH;
If you need to monitor the progress of the secondary database refresh, run the following command:
select * from table(information_schema.database_refresh_progress(mydb));
Part 3: Limitations
The following are the challenges of Snowflake replication:
- It may present issues of time, money, and bandwidth.
- Replication means hosting duplicate information, which comes with additional costs.
- Data replication creates network traffic, which may slow down processing speeds.
Part 4: Use Hevo Data
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It provides you with a consistent and reliable solution to managing data in real-time, ensuring that you always have analysis-ready data in your desired destination.
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This is what you’ve learnt in this article:
- You’ve learned more about Snowflake.
- You’ve learned how to perform Snowflake replication.
Share your experience of working with Snowflake Replication in the comments section below.