How to Migrate SQLite to MySQL Easily: 2 Easy Methods

on Data Integration, Database Management Systems, ETL Tutorials, MySQL, Relational Database, SQL • January 13th, 2022 • Write for Hevo

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) is considered to be the most popular Data Storage System all over the world. It stores data into Rows and Columns across Tables, also known as a Relation. There are numerous Relational Database Management Systems available in the market, but MySQL and SQLite are two of the immensely popular Open-Source Database Management tools being used in the community. This article will help you convert SQLite to MySQL.

MySQL and SQLite are the most widely used open-source Database Management Systems in the world. Each Database has its own set of advantages and use-cases. Before getting into “SQLite to MySQL”, let’s discuss both the robust platforms in brief.

Table of Contents

What is SQLite?

SQLite to MySQL: SQLite Logo
Image Source: www.commons.wikimedia.org

SQLite is an open-source Relational Database Management System (RDBMS). Most of the Relational Databases are based on the Client-Server model, which means that the Database typically runs on a server. However, SQLite is a Serverless Relational Database Management System, also referred to as an Embedded Database. SQLite Database operates from within the software that is accessing data. The Database can be accessed directly without the need for intermediation from a Host Server.

SQLite is self-contained, file-based, and is known for its portability, performance in low memory environments, and reliability. It is designed to work without a Database Administrator and is very easy to set up. The data transactions carried out in SQLite are ACID compliant [Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability]. SQLite, being an open-source tool, is available free of cost for all users. However, depending on the use case you can always pay for additional extensions.

When to Use SQLite?

One of SQLite’s greatest advantages is that it can run on all platforms, including macOS, Windows, Linux, etc. SQLite is an RDBMS contained in a C library, hence the Applications written in any language can use SQLite as long as they can be connected to External Libraries written in C. Below are the appropriate uses for SQLite.

  • SQLite comes in handy for developing Embedded Software for Digital Devices like Televisions, Mobile Phones, Set-Top Boxes, Game Consoles, Cameras, etc.
  • Depending on your usage, you can leverage SQLite’s flexibility to work on multiple Databases on the same session simultaneously.
  • SQLite is used as a Temporary Dataset for Applications to get processed with some data.
  • SQLite is a cross-platform DBMS, hence you can access it over all platforms including Windows, macOS, and more.
  • SQLite works well as a Database Engine for most websites, as it can manage low to medium-traffic HTTP requests.
  • Because it is simple to set up and use, it is used in Educational Institutions for learning and training purposes.

What is MySQL?

SQLite to MySQL: MySQL Logo
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MySQL is one of the most popular Relational Database Management Systems used for managing Relational Databases. MySQL uses the Structured Query Language (SQL) to define, update, and query the Database. SQL is the most widely used language for accessing and managing records in any Database. Supported by Oracle, MySQL is an open-source and free Database software under the GNU license.

MySQL is faster, highly scalable, and an easy-to-use Database Management System when compared to Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle Database. It is based on the Client-Server model, which means that the Database typically runs on a server and the data is accessed over the network part clients and workstations. The server returns the desired output to the Graphical User Interface (GUI) requests sent by the clients. MySQL supports different types of Operating Systems with many languages like PHP, PERL, JAVA, C++, C, etc.

When to Use MySQL?

MySQL is the most popular open-source Database used by organizations for Web Development. It forms an integral part of the Software Stack Model that facilitates building Web Applications and Websites. Below are the appropriate uses for MySQL.

  • MySQL is capable of handling larger Databases and offers a well-designed User Management System. Hence, it is best suited for handling huge amounts of data and in cases where you require multiple user access.
  • The most common use for MySQL is for the purpose of Web Development. MySQL is used in association with Scripting Languages such as PHP or Perl to create Websites that will interact in real-time with a MySQL Database.
  • MySQL supports most of the data types including tinyint, tinyblob, longtext, etc.
  • MySQL is used for a wide range of purposes, including E-Commerce. It can be used to store anything from customer information to a huge inventory of products for an Online Store.
  • MySQL allows Database Professionals to configure the Database Server for specific applications. With its high-speed load abilities, distinctive memory caches, and other performance-enhancing features, MySQL can meet all performance requirements of any system.
  • MySQL is known for its high scalability and is able to handle deeply Embedded Applications as well as massive Data Warehouses.

Methods to Convert SQLite to MySQL

Method 1: Connecting to a MySQL Database with Connector/ODBC

This method would require you to export the SQLite Dump File and manually import it into a MySQL Database. This is an error-prone method, and you’d spend a lot of time resolving data issues.

Method 2: Connecting to a MySQL Database with Hevo

Hevo provides a hassle-free solution and helps you directly convert SQLite to MySQL without any intervention in an effortless manner. Hevo is fully managed and completely automates the process of not only loading data from your desired source but also enriching the data and transforming it into an analysis-ready form without having to write a single line of code. Hevo’s pre-built integration with MySQL and 100+ Sources (including 40+ free Data Sources) will take full charge of the data transfer process, allowing you to connect to MySQL seamlessly and focus solely on key business activities. 

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SQLite to MySQL – 2 Easy Methods

Depending on the requirements, one might want to consider migrating from SQLite to MySQL. This article delves into two of the best ways to convert SQLite to MySQL Database. Below are the two methods.

Method 1: Converting SQLite to MySQL with .dump Command

The quickest and easiest way to convert SQLite to MySQL is by exporting an SQL Database to a Dump File, and then importing the SQLite Dump into MySQL Database.

  • You can export an SQLite Database to Dump File using the .dump command.
sqlite3 sample.db .dump > dump.sql
  • Now, import this Dump File into MySQL using the command shown below.
mysql -p -u root -h 127.0.0.1 test < dump.sql

That’s it, you can now use this SQLite Database in MySQL. But there’s a cache. This method usually doesn’t work because there are differences in grammar between SQLite and MySQL syntax. Hence, you can’t convert data between Hetregenuous Databases by simply exporting and importing the Dump File.

SQLiteMySQL
BEGIN;

COMMIT;
BEGIN TRANSACTION;

COMMIT;
AUTOINCREMENT
TEXT
double quotes (” “)

AUTO_INCREMENT
varchars
backticks (` ` )
SQLite vs MySQL: Syntax

Hence, you will be stuck with errors if you go ahead with this method. But worry not, the next method simplifies converting SQLite into MySQL. Take a look.

Method 2: Converting SQLite to MySQL with Hevo

Hevo helps you directly transfer data from various sources to MySQL Database, Business Intelligence tools, Data Warehouses, or a destination of your choice in a completely hassle-free & automated manner. Hevo is fully managed and completely automates the process of not only loading data from your desired source but also enriching the data and transforming it into an analysis-ready form without having to write a single line of code. Its fault-tolerant architecture ensures that the data is handled in a secure, consistent manner with zero data loss.

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The following steps can be implemented to convert SQLite to a MySQL Database using Hevo:

  • Configure Source: Connect Hevo Data with SQLite providing a unique name for your Pipeline, along with details about your Data Source.
SQLite to MySQL: Data Source
Image Source: docs.hevodata.com
  • Integrate Data: Establish a connection to MySQL by providing information about your MySQL Database and its credentials such as Database Name, Username, and Password, along with information about Port Number associated with your MySQL Database.
SQLite to MySQL: Destination
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Here are more reasons to try Hevo:

  • Fully Managed: It requires no management and maintenance as Hevo is a fully automated platform.
  • Data Transformation: It provides a simple interface to perfect, modify, and enrich the data you want to transfer.
  • Real-Time: Hevo offers real-time data migration. So, your data is always ready for analysis.
  • Schema Management: Hevo can automatically detect the schema of the incoming data and map it to the destination schema.
  • Scalable Infrastructure: Hevo has in-built integrations for 100’s of sources that can help you scale your data infrastructure as required.
  • Live Monitoring: Advanced monitoring gives you a one-stop view to watch all the activities that occur within Data Pipelines.
  • Live Support: Hevo team is available round the clock to extend exceptional support to its customers through chat, email, and support calls.

Conclusion

This article introduced you to SQLite and MySQL and provided you with a step-by-step guide on how to convert SQLite to MySQL. Connecting to a MySQL Database through the Dump File method will create a slug of errors and data issues. Connecting to a MySQL Database is a tedious and time taking process but using a Data Integration tool like Hevo can perform this process with no effort and no time.

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Hevo Data with its strong integration with 100+ Sources & BI tools such as MySQL, allows you to not only export data from sources & load data in the destinations, but also transform & enrich your data, & make it analysis-ready so that you can focus only on your key business needs and perform insightful analysis using BI tools.

Give Hevo Data a try and sign up for a 14-day free trial today. Hevo offers plans & pricing for different use cases and business needs, check them out!

Share your experience of converting SQLite to MySQL in the comments section below.

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